"One of the first consequences of the discovery of the union was that Jurgis became desirous of learning English. He wanted to know what was going on at the meetings, and to be able to take part in them, and so he began to look about him, and to try to pick up words." - Chapter 9
The first sentence of Chapter 9 really struck me. Jurgis is using the HOHAM supposition here. Calling the need or desire to learn English a consequence or something negative is very arrogant. Although he is Lithuanian, he has been in Chicago for quite some time now, and it is not much to except someone to learn the new language of the country they are living in. While celebrating the actions he took to learn English more, I disagree with the reason and approach he did to these things.
This was an interesting HOHAM to pick, I never would have thought to use this one. You supported your choice very well. I like the argument you pose about picking up the language of the place you are in. Next time try and connect it to other parts of the book :)
This was indeed an interesting HOHAM to chose from. I like how you supported your choice. Good job! Yes I agree, maybe connect with another parts of the book.
This is definetly an interesting quote and I like your creativity while choosing. I would only recommend making the response a bit longer
While I like the way you presented your argument I have to disagree with you. How is it arrogant of him to want to learn the language? he wasn't necessarily saying that it was a bad thing even though the word consequence was used, he was merely saying it was a result. Also, I understand that it would be useful to learn the native tongue, but it isn't common courtesy as you infer. At least, in my opinion it isn't.
Thanks, I never really thought about it that way until you said that. Now Im going to re read that part in a new light :)
I like the take on the book that you presented in this analysis. I see your point clearly and I see the arrogant nature of the book.Great work!
Interesting, I just skimmed over the word "consequence" and never thought it was meant in a negative way. I think you did an awesome job giving me a different perspective on the phrase. While I agree with you that he should learn English because he moved to the US, I think that the author did not mean to use "consequence" in a negative way, I think it might be more like the word "result".
Chpt. 9& 10
Quote: "Jurgis felt quite proud of this good luck till he got home and met Jonas, who had taken the leader aside and whispered to him, offering to vote three times for four dollars, which offer had been accepted."
Response: Connection: The quote right here tells you how he is being scammed for voting. This can connect to anybody. Because now a days salesman or people over the internet can scam you into doing something without your knowledge of knowing what you are doing, all you know is you get something for your benefit. Like how the leader, whoever that is, is being scammed to vote for someone to win but yet getting double the money they were given. See they are being benefit for doing something they are not really sure, but they don't care as long as your happy with what you are given there is nothing to "worry" about, in so to speak of.
Quote: "The winter went, and the spring came, and found them still living thus from hand to mouth, hanging on day by day, with literally not a month's wages between them and starvation."
Response: Intellectual Curiosity: I have a feeling that they are making them pay to much, for their expense, because they are immigrants..or from a different country? Its just so sad how they treated people and taking advantage of them because they do not understand their language so they can do whatever they want? No, people back should of had a little common sense in them. All these immigrants had families and came to America with little money. Maybe their scamming them to get more money or maybe their paid to do this kind of stuff to immigrants?
I really like how you connected the book to present day, I agree.
I also agree with your points, and like how you thought of a lot of questions. Do you believe that scamming is worse now?
I thought it was interesting how you connected your quotes not only to the real world, but also to topics many people can relate to.
Quote: "hundred and sixty-three inspectors had been appointed at the request of the packers, and that they were paid by the United States government to certify that all the diseased meat was kept in the state." -Chapter 9.
Response: I choose the HOHAM Self-Advocacy here, because the hundred and sixty-three inspectors could have spoken out. They could have advocated for more than themselves by making the state, a healthier and cleaner place. Self-Advocacy means to actively support ones self. Yet, these hundred and sixty-three, along with there loved ones, family and friends, are eating diseased meat. In the orthodox jewish community some families keep kosher meaning they only eat certain meats that are from "kosher animals". Specially chosen people go through and mark these meats before they are sold. What if these people where to lie about this? It would most likely severely upset these people that follower there religion so strictly. In conclusion Self-Advocay isn't always about just your self it is about those you care about, your fellow species and doing the right thing. My questions is: Are these hundred and sixty-three truly being paid well enough to watch others eat meat they know is diseased?
I had never thought of this before, I really like that you talk about the kosher thing, I have the same question.
Very good reading response and I love how you use evidence to support your claims!
That was a great mixture of saying what the HOHAM means to you and how it connects to the piece of literature. Well done!
Your last thought makes me think of Communism and how ... if everyone is getting paid the same amount of money (in their case, not enough) .. why would they do a good job? Do you think they actually care about their requirements as an inspector?
Nice Vivian!! I really enjoyed the detail and attention to personal connections you used in your response
"Jurgis became desirous of learning English. He wanted to know what was going on at the meetings, and to be able to take part in them, and so he began to look about him, and to try to pick up words." -chapter 9
Self Advocacy: During this part Jurgis is taking on himself to learn English so he can fit into society better and truly understand what people are talking about. Jurgis has to have self advocacy to push him self to learn the new foreign language. By learning English Jurgis will also become more of a self advocate because understanding the language will help him to stick up for himself. I thought this related to when we're learning Spanish in school we won't learn by just sitting around, you have to push yourself to partake in learning the new language. This is what we do everyday when we come to class and that's what Jurgis is doing.
I thought of this quote the same way and I like how you connected your thoughts to our own lives to make this more relevant to us.
I think that Self-Advocacy fits the passage you chose very nicely! I like how you used the lens to analyze the book critically. Great work!
I like how you chose self-advocacy for this quote. I think the fact that he wants to learn english really shows how much he wants to understand more about where he is living. It will allow him to hopefully make better conditions for himself by better understanding what others are saying and doing.
I completely agree with you that he is using Self Advocacy to learn the new language. I like how you also related not only to present day but to something relative to you.
"Duck, little brother, duck," the wise old peasants would whisper; "everything passes away."
From my perspective, I feel that this quote reflects on everything that is going on at this time, and not to be afraid to accept fate. Even after coming to america, a free country where everything is free, it may not turn out well. So the Wise peasant tells him to dodge these feelings, and let them pass by. They may get better or they may not. This teaches him acceptance, and shows that even with what he is going through with, debt and having trouble finding a home, it'll all pass. And whether something good or bad happens, duck from the negative, and accept what passes by.
You took that quote in a different way than I did, but you may be correct. I thought it was referring to the wise old peasants from Russia telling him to duck away when the government came around and that it will pass. I understand how you got what you did though.
I think what you guys just did is a perfect example of the HOHAM "Perspective". With everything we see, there are multiple ways of looking at a subject!
Interesting take on the quote, Lance. Really well thought out!
Like Sophia mentioned, I took this quote in a rather different way as well. Mine was a bit literal on the sense, as I hypothesized that it meant no matter who you meet, good or bad, everyone will pass away. So remain by the ones who help you in this time of struggle and duck from those who choose to ridicule you. Move forward in your times of need and only care/collaborate with the ones who truly matter to you...for they won't be here one day.
I went off on a tangent there but I like your analysis on this quote as well. Your idea of the quote was more fitting for the story, and it does make a lot of sense on what the peasants are trying to say.
I also took this quote much differently. I think that your way of looking at it is very open and maybe not so involved in the current events, but I think that the way you looked at it was a good way of looking at it because it related it in a creative, but purposeful perspective.
Your entry really explains perspective really well. I like how you didn't do a character's perspective, but your perspective and also a lesson that you can get out of this quote. Great job!
"...and if one could not find any work, was not the hunger he began to feel the same sort of hunger?"
The HOHAM I chose for this quote is connection. Jurgis not only connects the fact that hunger is the same no matter where or who you are, but he also talks about how he thought politics was the same in the U.S. as in his home country, Russia. That the government was something to be feared and hated and not something to really talk about or get into. However, since he's gotten more into the way of life around him, he's come to realize that it is different than Russia and America is more of a free country like those he heard talking about it said.
If empathy was a HOHAM (which I'm not entirely convinced it isn't) I would also choose that for this quote and for Jurgis in general as I find him an easy character to connect to and his pain is, although not ours, easy to understand. I would like to think of myself as a pretty empathetic person, but he especially brings it out in me.
I thought it was interesting how you elaborated a lot on how Jurgis was feeling, as well as how that made you feel and how you connected with his character.
'He was wonderfully proud of little Antanas; he was curious about all the details of him—the washing and the dressing and the eating and the sleeping of him, and asked all sorts of absurd questions. It took him quite a while to get over his alarm at the incredible shortness of the little creature’s legs.
(pg. 117 online version, pg 90 in my book)
Reading this quote in chapter 10 warmed my heart. I can image Jurgis curiously wobbling on little Antanas' legs with the tips of his fingers. If I ever have a child- eventually- I feel I would react the same way Jurgis did: dumfounded with amazement and marvelousness by a miniature version of myself. Despite that I find this deep connection with Jurgis, the HOHAM I chose to write about is integrity.
Witnessing the life of his new born child endowed Jurgis with a higher level of integrity. Before this, he was still a man who worked hard to provide for his family, putting others such as Ona before himself. However, after Jurgis' families' contamination of Americas truth depressed them mentally and financially, Jurgis seemed to become distracted. Getting his attention pulled away by things like saloons, etc. However, as soon as his child was born, things changed. He found a new drive- a motivation to provide for his family and it's new member.
When I first read about Ona's pregnancy, I became worried. I predict that, even though it is unpleasant, that little Antanas will soon succumb to the fate of many in Packingtown, the fate that recently met old Antanas. I surely hope I am wrong with my foretelling; it would ruin Jurgis and his families hopes.
I really agree with your analysis and prediction. Both Antanas' share a name, they might share a similarly tragic fate. I hope not though because he is Ona and Jurgis' joy and hope.
I really liked the quote you chose as well as it warming your heart. And it was really interesting to see the connections you made with how a father would feel as well as Ona.
This was really well written, I liked how you shared your personal view point and then went into detail about you HOHAM.
Your prediction of both Antanas' fates being similar is an interesting interpretation. Sinclair certainly gives an eery feeling to the book, and I agree that the story will only get darker from here.
Your connection from your HOHAM to the story is awesome. I agree with your statement about Antanas being a new motivation for Jurgis. I hope baby Antanas does not succumb to the fate of Packingtown as did old Antanas. However, I have a horrible feeling that it will happen and instead of having a negative affect on the family will have a positive affect. I think this will cause Jurgis to do something monumental in the battle against Corporation vs. Employee.
"The coming of this boy was a decisive event with Jurgis. It made him irrevocably a family man; it killed the last lingering impulse that he might have had to go out in the evenings and sit and talk with the men in the saloons."
In this passage, contained within chapter ten, I saw the Habit of Heart Integrity. I saw that Jurgis had regained motivation to work for his family and be there more often rather than sitting and talking within saloons. It is apparent that he has a new passion here because of the fact that this moment is important within Jurgis's life, as he has never experienced something like this before, and tries to be with the baby as often as he can. One can predict that this will serve as a turning point within the book and that Jurgis will try and work harder than before
Great post! Jurgis is just an outstanding character! This guy will never give up. Will he? I am so glad that he keeps working and is still extremely determined.
"Jurgis had always been a member of the church...but the church had never touched him..Here, however, was a new religion-- one that did touch him, that took hold of every fiber of him..."
Connection: Here, Jurgis literally feels a connection to the ideas of the Unions and their people. They unite under common goals and ideals, and he compares this connection to religion. There are many people who ardently follow a religion as witnessed throughout history, but I also think that some people join groups, religious or otherwise, because it is seen as the 'right' thing or even because your family had been in it. While you may join a group, it doesn't mean that you're passionate about what they advocate and may feel apathetic to them. I've only had this type of connection to sports before, but never towards a certain religion. It will also be interesting to see how this connection may affect Jurgis's future actions and thoughts as he continues to struggle under American working conditions.
Excellent post Meilani. I think that your post expresses the significance of Jurgis' connection to the union well. I love the connections you drew to Jurgis' fervor for the union as a recurring theme throughout history.
I think your post is great! I really like how at the end you say that it will'...be interesting to see how this connection may affect Jurgis's future actions and thoughts...' because it really makes me wander about how this connection he has with the union could possible help him in the future of cause detriment to his life.
"One of the first consequences of the discovery of the union was that Jurgis became desirous of learning English. He wanted to know what was going on at the meetings, and to be able to take part in them, and so he began to look about him, and to try to pick up words."
The HOHAM I chose for this quote from chapter 9 is Intellectual Curiosity. As I read these sentences, the first thing I thought of was intellectual curiosity because Jurgis was interested in learning English. Listening to meetings in English encouraged him to hint towards the meaning of English words. He uses the children to teach him English, who were at school. A friend of his loaned him a book that also taught words, and had his wife, Ona, read them to him. I predict that when Jurgis learns English, he will enjoy being in the US, much more than he is right now. It'll make life so much simpler when he'll be able to understand everyone.
I like your choice of hoham, and It is definitely an interesting point.
Quote: "After that, every evening that he got home from the yards in time, he would go to the school; he would even go if he were in time for only half an hour."
Response: This quote accurately displays the HOHAM Self-Advocacy. Jurgis is an extremely dedicated and disciplined man, that stops at almost nothing to make sure the ones he loves are cared for. The fact that he is willing to work countless hours of intense work, then go to school after to better his chances of success in America, is inspiring to say the least. On a personal level, this really made me realize how good met of us have it, and it made me appreciate some of the things I have been taking for granted lately.
I really liked how you connected it to Jurgis advocating for himself as well as the people he cared for as well as the connection you made with yourself.
"Jurgis had never possessed anything nearly so interesting--a baby was, when you came to think about it, assuredly a marvelous possession. It would grow up to be a man, a human soul, with a personality all its own, a will of its own! "
This just makes me think. (HOHAM: Supposition). A child really is a beautiful, interesting, and completely scary thing. A blank life is beautiful, interesting, and scary. Being a parent sounds like such a beautiful thing on the one hand, for you get to sculpt and mold a human being and create a friend, a friend that is part you. It is so interesting to me because genetically, a child is part you, and they start out as something that can't talk, something that can't move on it's own, but they have free will. And as they get older, they express their free will and become their own person. What is so crazy to me is that a child basically comes from nothing, but when they get older, you can have conversations with them. They think things that you hadn't ever thought of, yet they came from you. On another note, it seems to me that raising a child would be a very scary thing. What if you did something wrong and ruined their out look on life? What if you forgot to teach them an essential lesson? What if that effects them badly?
I also think it is interesting that Jurgis (or Upton Sinclair) was looking at the baby as a possession. Yes, it is a possession, I guess. But how can you own something that has free will?
Also, he talks about how "it would grow up to be...". It is so interesting that he is talking about the child as an "it" and saying such beautiful, broad statements about him. Really, that is all you can do because they don't know their boy as a person yet. Little Antanas has "Unlimited Potential". :)
Wonderful post Paris. I think that your description of the idea of having a child was well thought out and it aptly expressed many of the feelings/thoughts that Jurgis had.
This was very well written and well thought out :) I however do not agree with " But how can you own something that has free will?" because we own animals and put wild animals in zoos, yet they are said to have free wills.
In my mind, you just summed up the idea of parenthood in a very eloquent, meaningful way. Also, I like how you used two HOHAM's, that's not always easy to do.
This was.. really beautiful Paris! You really got into this quote! And you chose a great one to get into. Nice job. :)
“... he had not had to pay any taxes for the water, and he had built the icehouse out of city lumber, and had not had to pay anything for that. The newspapers had got hold of that story, and there had been a scandal; but Scully had hired somebody to confess and take all the blame...”
Evidence- In this passage, Jurgis is being informed about the democratically elected Mike Scully. While at the union, Jurgis learns about how the United States government is run on local and federal levels. Mike Scully is the boss of their district, and Jurgis learns the reason why American government is corrupt. This passage is evidence of the divided classes and corrupt government. The entire book is evidence of disproportionate classes, but this passage focuses in on the rich, powerful people in America. The fact that Scully hired someone else to confess to a crime for him is evidence of how corrupt the government is. This evidence reenforces the manipulation that Jurgis has seen so far in America, and possible foreshadowing of events to come.
I agree that Jurgis is becoming more aware of the corruption around him. I thought it was strange in the book that Scully was said to a be a "man of the people". Even though the unions are trying their best, I still don't think Jurgis or his co-workers are informed enough to make a difference.
“The next time she would know her place, as the forelady expressed it;” Page 110 (Barnes & Noble Classics Edition), about halfway into Chapter 10.
My quote analyzation is done through the lens of the Habit of Mind “significance". I find this quote to be significant because the quote describes a situation that the majority of Marija’s family went through, as well as, the majority of the workers in Packingtown. I think that the rude awakening that is described by the quote also represents many of the shocking realizations that new immigrants faced. They were often scammed and abused in many different aspects of their lives. In the passage that the quote is from, it also talks about how many of the elder workers “learned their place” and advised Marija against making her complaints towards the management. The reaction of the elders goes to show how they had become used to that type of mistreatment in their lives. This was the technique implemented by those who wished to oppress the immigrants, they abused multiple generations and created the social norm for the workers to be one of docile obedience.
I think that you really took the time to analyze this and think critically. I agree with you here, because I think I felt the same way you did in this moment of the book. You describe the surprised/shocked feeling very well, great job.
"The deed was signed now, he said, with sarcasm proper to the new way of life he had learned- the deed was signed, and so the agent had no longer anything to gain by keeping quiet."
The HOHAM that I connected this quote with was cooperation. One of the definitions of Cooperation as a Habit of Heart is one who "supports individuals in his or her community". Jurgis' agent was obviously lacking cooperation by this definition as were most of the people at this time. Survival of the fittest is a good saying that sums up how many con-men were feeling during this time which limited the amount of community wholeness. The man does not care about the others in his community, instead only caring about how much money he can snag from them. He preys on the ignorance of the foreigners and has no pride in his community as he is constantly digging the hole of poverty in the place further just by his actions alone. Really it is not completely the agent's fault, as he is not the one making the rules, rather he is enforcing them. He did lie to get the family into the house in the first place however, and because of this he is shown as an especially hated antagonist in this chapter.
The connection you made with survival of the fittest and men who make a living off unfairly taking from immigrants. However I do thing that people should be held responsible for their actions. Society might influence people to become more self centered but in the end I believe its their choice on whether they should make the right choice or the choice for profit.
“...and as for the other men, who worked in tank-rooms full of steam, and in some of which there were open vats near the level of the floor, their peculiar trouble was that they fell into the vats; and when they were fished out, there was never enough of them worth exhibiting,‒sometimes they would be overlooked for days, till all but the bones of them had gone out to the world as Durham's Pure Leaf Lard!”
Connections: I think that I should probably start out by saying that this is a whole new level of disturbing. For the first part, that nobody noticed a person missing for a few days, and second that human flesh of some poor worker became lard that everyday people consumed! That is just so wrong to me, but I think that, disturbing as it may be, some of this can be translated into our society today. In this day and age we buy everything from the stores, and a lot of what we buy comes from factories, where we have absolutely no idea what goes into them. My mom told me a story about how she went on a road trip with her friend and stopped at a convenience store to buy a Nestle white chocolate Crunch bar. When she opened it, right on the surface was a whole worm, and when she sent it to the manufacturers, they said something along the lines of “We're sorry for the inconvenience.” and gave her some Nestle product coupons. This goes to show how factories can accidentally put who-knows-what into their products, and we'll still go along buying them until something happens (like the worm in the chocolate) to make us realize that we shouldn't.
I completely felt the same way when reading this passage. I also thought that the unique way you connected it to modern society was really neat! I also enjoyed the personal story that you used as a connection as well.
I definitely agree with you! Not only is it ridiculous-- it's dangerous! It's parts of the book like this that makes me understand why a lot of people say they became vegetarians after reading it!
I love your reflection! It was terrifying to realize that people ended up as an extra ingredient...why do you think they ignored the disappearance of a worker?
I completely agree with you about how disturbing this is. And I liked how you connected it to our present day too, I've heard many stories like the worm in the chocolate story and it is really sickening to think about. Just what else do we not know about?
"They were harried all day and nearly all night by worry and fear. This was in truth not living; it was scarcely even existing, and they felt that it was too little for the price they paid. They were willing to work all the time; and when people did their best, ought they not to be able to keep alive?"
This quote shows the perspective of Jurgis and his family at this time. They are working so hard and getting nothing, only troubles, in return. Their quality of life is so low at this point. I think there definitely is a line where, if your basic needs are not being met, you really aren't living. Your existence becomes so primitive and it is hard to maintain meaning and morals. If you are only focused on surviving, there is no time for the luxuries of family love, friendships, hobbies, culture, and making yourself a better person. They don't really have any other options either. All they can do is keep fighting.
I really like your post and I agree with your point. Its sad because they are poor and foreigners, and its so hard for them live normally and not having the opportunity to live and enjoy a life with friendships, hobbies, cultures, etc. I wonder how they work everyday, non-stop.
I like how you mention that if your basic needs are not met, you really are not living. I think that says a lot about the situation that Jurgis and his family are living in. They are only trying to survive at this point.
"-a baby was, when you came to think about it, assuredly a marvelous possession"
Perspective; Regardless of what other people felt a baby was, to Jurgis it was something sacred and wonderful. It was a motivation for him to strive to work harder as well as something to look forward to in the future. When a baby enters somebody's life, many things must be let go of, as well as sacrifices that must be made. I think Jurgis is a great example of that.
I really liked how you talked about the quote through Jurgi's perspective. This beautiful thing has entered his life and he wants to spend as much time with him as he can. However, in order to provide a good life for his new son he must continue working. Your quote and passage do an excellent job communicating that.
I agree, if there was any man who would do his best to give his baby the best life, it would be Jurgis..
A piece/quote of the passage that I chose to reflect on was "Jurgis felt quite proud of this good luck till he got home and met Jonas, who had taken the leader aside and whispered to him, offering to vote three times for four dollars, which offer had been accepted."
The HOHAM That I am going to connect it with is perspective (from the point of Jurgis) I found that this really made sense to link with perspective because in the perspective of Jurgis he was doing his service as an american citizen to vote, and he was glad and proud of himself to now have been part of the country in which he was living. And to have seen this Jurgis grew as a character in the sense that he was now slightly more wise to the fact that corruption is everywhere, even in the country he thought to be salvation. This event will surely change his perspective as a character in the future of the book.
I agree, now that he knows English & Politics, he will be more knowledgable of his surroundings.
"Jurgis had sworn to trust no man except his own family; but here he discovered that he had brothers in affliction, and allies."
I chose perspective. I believe this quote represents quite the turning point in the story for a number of reasons. Not only is Jurgis finally figuring out that he has a voice of his own, but he has plenty of voices backing him up.
This makes me think of High Tech High in a way. In my personal experience, I learned early on that classmates were my enemy. The second I transferred to High Tech High, I found a community filled with people who were on the same page.
I always Jokingly call High Tech High a safe haven for nerds, but there is definitely some truth to that!
I think we can all relate to similar situations, whether it be not fitting in at school, finding a club filled with people who share your interests, having deep conversations on online forums or blogs about an issue you thought nobody cared about, etc.
Jurgis has finally found his safe-haven for working immigrants-- the union! He barely speaks a word of English, but he fits in. They all have the common ground that the system is screwing them over. That's what humans seek. Common ground and companionship.
So, no matter what your perspective may be, we can all agree that Jurgis is growing not only as a character, but as a citizen with a voice.
Perspective seems to be quite popular with this round of RJEs! Your quite is great, I feel it could also be related to more situations than just in this immediate context. Your analysis is also spectacular, it analyzes Jurgis more than just as a character in, but as a person!
"And now in the union Jurgis met men who explained all this mystery to him; and he learned that America differed from Russia in that its government existed under the form of a democracy. The officials who ruled it, and got all the graft, had to be elected first; and so there were two rival sets of grafters, known as political parties, and the one got the office which bought the most votes." - "The Jungle" Chapter 9
Perspective: Looking at Jurgis's perspective of the situation, it must be a huge relief to finally have those questions he had for so long answered. I image this through his perspective: still living in the conditions of the new land that you've heard so much about and yet you still have so many questions about your new homeland. It surely is different from Russia - but what about it? You get the answers to find out that America is run an entirely different way. Now you get that thought in the back of your mind that says "it all makes sense".
As for a quick analysis on the quote, it's rather straight forward in explaining the political system of the US. But to look slightly deeper than just the outside, it seems the way it's worded was extremely specific. Usually, to summarize the political system of America, one would mention the electing of leaders every 4 years, the fact it's a democracy, and that there's two political parties. Knowing that the main character, Jurgis is extremely new to this land, chances are the author wrote what Jurgis learned in third person to create the image of the reader becoming him by being explaining to us in detail of our own country as if we weren't familiar with the customs.
Your analysis is really great and your quote really ties into it. Your relation of perspective is really clear as well and easy to understand. :)
"Here is a population, low-class and mostly foreign, hanging always on the verge of starvation and dependent for its opportunities of life upon the whim of men every bit as brutal and unscrupulous as the old-time slave drivers; under such circumstances, immorality is exactly as inevitable, and as prevalent, as it is under the system of chattel slavery. Things that were quite unspeakable went on there in the packing houses all the time, and were taken for granted by everybody; only they did not show, as in the old slavery times, because there was no difference in color between master and slave."
Perspective: Jurgis attends union meetings a lot and I don't think misses any of them. He takes them very seriously and pays close attention. When he learns english and becomes a US citizen, he is taken advantage of by a man who buys his vote. Later in the chapters, Ona has a child and the family struggles to support all of them with Marija loosing her job. I believe "Perspective" applies here because it feels like the readers have been shown a new perspective on these situations and can somewhat relate to the situations in the text. Financial struggles, being restrained in your present state, being taken advantage of, struggles to rise above, as well as the arrival of new family members are all real situations that can happen to anyone. They're not commonly thought about with students our age but being shown this perspective from the text can help us understand the workings in the world and how people were effected during these moments in history.
I definitely agree here! I made a similar argument in my post:) Perspective definitely plays a big role in this book because it's coming from the little guy at the bottom of the food chain, so to speak. Everyone loves the underdog, and boy, if Jurgis isn't an underdog, I don't know what is. The saddest part is, in this time period, the underdog didn't prevail 9 times out of 10. :c Let's hope Jurgis does! c:
I like how you didn't only analyze the quote, but also added other events that occur in the story to tie in with it. You also added your own commentary, how your HOHAM topic applies to the quote, as well as what you mentioned about Jurgis in the first sentence. It's true that he's determined to become close with his homeland and I don't think he does miss his meetings either.
"Here is a population, low-class and mostly foreign, hanging always on the verge of starvation and dependent for its opportunities of life upon the whim of men every bit as brutal and unscrupulous as the old-time slave drivers; under such circumstances, immorality is exactly as inevitable, and as prevalent, as it is under the system of chattel slavery." For this quote I'm choosing to do Perspective. I think that it's important to really put things into perspective to see how far our country has come, to improve our working conditions by so much. During the early 20th century things such as starvation, and "brutal" working conditions were such a common thing for people who worked in factories, because they weren't allowed to qualify for a better job. But now this isn't seen nearly as often, we now have unions to protect the rights of employees, and are now paid at a reasonable amount of money. I personally am astounded by how far our country has come from.
This country has come a long way from harsh working conditions to improved rights and conditions for laborers. However, switching gears a little, its obvious that working conditions for all laborers in this time period are not perfect. How could people improve conditions now a days taking what you know about the strikes in the 1900's.
Quote: "All but the bones of them has gone out to the world as Durham's Pure Leaf Lard."
Significance: The quote I chose talks about the secret life behind the making of Lard. Durham's Pure Leaf Lard advertises a certain product, something that the consumer expects. However, this quote shows that there is little to no care or quality in the making of the product and voids all the expectations of the consumer. I find this significant because in modern society we will hold companies to very specific regulations regarding the process, making, distribution and quality of their product. Now if a company makes a simple mistake in any aspect of the products creation and delivery the company could be put on a suspension or shut down. It's truly amazing to see how far we have come in the food industry over the course of 100+ years. It makes wonder what the food industry will be like in another hundred years
I really like how you compared the the industry back then to now and how we have come really far over the years.
The claims made in this entry are quite well-thought, especially with their modern-day connections. However, is it not true that the meat industry still possesses rather disgusting secrets, such as the McNugget pink slime? How would that tie into Dunham's Lard?
"Jurgis had once been among those who scoffed at the idea of these huge concerns cheating; and so now he could appreciate the bitter irony of the fact that it was precisely their size which enabled them to do it with impunity."
The HOHAM I chose to reflect on was perspective. Jurgis's perspective totally changes in this book. In the beginning he was happy to be at work and excited to be in America. But now he understands what is going on and how he is being cheated out of pay. The bosses do not pay for partial hours, even if you worked for 50 minutes. They were trying to work Jurgis out of working and suddenly his perspective drastically changed on the whole work. He laughed at people and was impatient with people who had the mindset he once had. His perspective has already dramatically changed and I'm curious to see how it will change in future chapters.
It is interesting that we are beginning to see Jurgis's opinion change, and both he and Ona are staring to see the cracks in the perfect image of America. You found a quote that really embodies that, and also shows both his previous perspective, and his changed one.
"...[the superintendent] would dress differently, and live in another part of town, and come to work at a different hour of the day, and in every way make sure that he never rubbed elbows with a laboring man. Perhaps this was due to the repulsiveness of the work; at any rate, the people who worked with their hands were a class apart, and made to feel it."
Evidence: In The Jungle, Jurgis' family begins to understand how truly awful the working conditions at their various jobs are. The workers were treated like unfeeling animals and paid poorly for their sacrifice. Workers lost limbs from their jobs, became ill from the conditions, and were given no compensation for their losses. When they couldn't work, they were kicked out and left to fend for themselves. Evidence of the tragic conditions is that the superintendents and other higher-placed workers avoided the laborers at all costs. They saw the dirty, repulsive physical work as beneath them. They couldn't bear to see the condition the workers were in. But people like Jurgis, knowing they have a family to feed, were forced to keep working in order to survive.
" This gave him many friends--all of whom he had gotten together into the "War Whoop League," whose clubhouse you might see just outside of the yards. It was the biggest clubhouse, and the biggest club, in all Chicago; and they had prizefights every now and then, and cockfights and even dogfights. The policemen in the district all belonged to the league, and instead of suppressing the fights, they sold tickets for them. "
Intelectual Curiosity - It was very good to see Jurgis taking initiative in regards to learning English. He was very curious as to what was going on with the union and he knew that the only way that he could finally understand is if he took classes. I feel that this was a very important part for Jurgis because he learns about people who are higher than him. For example, Mike Scully is a rich man who doesn't have the best intentions as stated in the quote. This shows how Jurgis differs from others and I think thats what makes him special in a way.
I really liked how you took this as a time when jurgis was bonding with people to socialize with them.
I liked how you made the connection between Jurgis and Mike Sully and how they come in relation to each other in the book. I too believe this is an important role Jurgis needs to take part in.
“Duck, little brother, duck," the wise old peasants would whisper; "everything passes away." And when Jurgis had first come to America he had supposed that it was the same. He had heard people say that it was a free country—but what did that mean? He found that here, precisely as in Russia, there were rich men who owned everything; and if one could not find any work, was not the hunger he began to feel the same sort of hunger?” -Chapter 9 (2nd Paragraph)
Response (Significance): I think I choose because this excerpt really made me think. What I concluded is that Jurgis is realizing that he is always going to be work and doing something he dislikes because there is always going to be someone above him with more money and more power. With Jurgis's family struggling, it was very interesting to see how he came up with his understanding because it was fairly correct. I think that this was a very important quote and was something that was rather hidden. A HOHAM that I relate to this is Significance. Jurgis clearly analyzed his situation and though about his condition he was in.
I would be interested to see how you connect this quote by Upton Sinclair to his views on capitalism. You have a very interesting quote, however I think there is some more meaningful significance beyond just the realization of Jurgis (a fictional character). Do you think there is a larger, underlying message behind this quote, and book as a whole?
"...and so Jurgis learned a few things about the great and only Durham canned goods, which had become a national institution. They were regular alchemists at Durham's; they advertised a mushroom-catsup, and the men who made it did not know what a mushroom looked like. They advertised "potted chicken,"--and it was like the boardinghouse soup of the comic papers, through which a chicken had walked with rubbers on. Perhaps they had a secret process for making chickens chemically--who knows? said Jurgis' friend"
Perspective: In chapter 9 the books has Jurgis learning more about the city and its meat packing factories. Jurgis learns the quality of the meat he so helps produce and ingredients used within the meat. To his surprise there is a lot about the meat that he is unaware of. This really stuck out to me because Jurgis was a hard worker who worked for money, now he realizes what he works for. If I were in Jurgis's position I would really consider what I was doing, even if you the money. Perhaps it is the difference in time period, and maybe if I was in his shoes I would think differently. At this time though I would reconsider what and who I worked for.
"One of the first consequences of the discovery of the union was that Jurgis became desirous of learning English. He wanted to know what was going on at the meetings and to be able to take part in them, and so he began to look about him, and to try to pick up words." Ch. 9
Unlimited Potential: Jurgis is a foreigner from another country and has been staying in the U.S for quite awhile now. As he takes part in the union and attends meetings, he realizes that the one thing he mostly lacks on is his English. He became so determined to learn English in order to understand what was being discussed and what is happening around him. He had learned from the children and Ona, and then took the opportunity to attend free night classes which was great. As he learns more and more, he then began to understand everything that is going on around him and started to talk politics.
Nice post Rachel! I believe too that it is great of Jurgis to learn English so he can understand what happens around him. Knowing English will only make him stronger!
"...she was always chasing the phantom of good health, and losing it because she was too poor to continue."
Supposition: I feel that the entire family is suffering more everyday. They were tricked and are put through harsh labor for little pay. The family lives their life in danger. Ona gives birth to a baby boy and goes back to work, causing her to never be well again. She pushed herself too hard in this. But in these recent events she has to work or her entire family will end up on the streets. I suppose that in a few chapters another person is going to die or they lose their house. The author really hints at what will most likely happen because it is a depressing book. Yet, this family are so brave and strong. They keep working even though they are treated badly or in danger of their work. The family will stay together because they are strong enough to hold that bond. I am truly scared that Ona will die. I really hope that she doesn't but in the quote I choose, it suggests that she most likely will. I hate the fact that I get attached to the characters!
“He had heard people say that it was a free country- but what did that mean?”
Connection: I can connect this quote to everyday life and our perception of different things. When Jurgis came to America, he was looking for the American Dream, but now he is questioning what he has really gotten himself into. Oftentimes people hear about something thinking it will be far different from what it actually turns out to be. In this quote, Jurgis is finally coming to the realization that “free” had a different definition than he was looking for. Everyday it is a struggle for Jurgis just to keep food on the table. He was expecting to come to a country free of tyranny, but finds out that the rich control the poor in packingtown. Although the country is a democracy, the rich can pay for politicians to have different things go in their favor. He is at their mercy, and has to play by their rules in order to survive.
It is difficult to truly see what "free" means in our country.
"And then there was "potted game" and "potted grouse," "potted ham," and "deviled ham"--de-vyled, as the men called it. "De-vyled" ham was made out of the waste ends of smoked beef that were too small to be sliced by the machines; and also tripe, dyed with chemicals so that it would not show white; and trimmings of hams and corned beef; and potatoes, skins and all; and finally the hard cartilaginous gullets of beef, after the tongues had been cut out."
Integrity: This got me. In the canning factories, they don't even use the meat that is advertised. Instead, they use all of the bits that they can't use in the other factories. That, to me, is disgusting. That they are all so concerned about making money that they not only literally work their employees to death, but they also don't even sell proper meat. This, to me, shows what a lack of integrity the people in charge had, that they would let this happen. It shows a real lack of morals to overwork your people AND sell bad products to the public. It saddens me that people thought that this was okay. Not only am I disgusted by the management for allowing this to happen, but I am also disgusted by the workers themselves, because it does not appear at this time that any of them were willing to bring this to light, even though it is wrong.
I also thought that was significant, how could the bosses live with themselves? Did they just schedule their life to avoid the meat-packing factories or something? I simply can't understand how, no matter how greedy someone is, they could subject another human to that level of mutilation.
Your analysis embodies almost my exact thoughts. Except the last sentence. I had not considered the workers in this before and it is interesting that you did. I see what you mean by this, and I definitely agree, but from the perspective of the workers, it was likely that this was the only job that they would receive and one they would definitely lose if they were to be discovered confessing to this. Also, even if they had admitted to using waste meat, not much would change. Authority figures would have backed up company owners, and the people couldn't do anything about it because companies had a monopoly over these neighborhoods. As stated in the book, "...even if they had known it, what good would it have done them, since there was no place within miles of them where any other sort was to be had?"
"Also the union made another great difference with him--it made him begin to pay attention to the country. It was the beginning of democracy with him. It was a little state, the union, a miniature republic; its affairs were every man's affairs, and every man had a real say about them. In other words, in the union Jurgis learned to talk politics."
Perspective: In the reading Jurgis really opens his mind and gets a perspective on politics to where he can actually talk about them. This is really good for Jurgis because he can express his own perspective when it comes to topics in america. This is kinda compared to when you get older you make your own choices and have your own perspective. When Jurgis comes to america he has no perspective about working. He just thinks he is living the american dream but as the book progresses so does his perspective.
It's very interesting that you bring up this point. I think that as Jurgis was exposed to the injustices of the United States he felt the need to become more involved in politics and express his beliefs. This is usually the case for people growing up in today's culture. As they mature and become more exposed to politics, they form opinions and pay more attention to their government.
"She learned her lesson this time, poor creature; she learned it ten times over. All the family learned it along with her--that when you have once got a job in Packingtown, you hang on to it, come what will."
Immigrants were under the control of the employers. Significance is an evident Habit in this chapter. Showing how no matter how hard you try, you will always fall to the mercy of the employer. Marija defined her supervisors in protest of her missing payment. She ended up losing her job. This affected everyone living with her forcing Jurgis and Ona to cover for the missing money that Marija should be paying. It is not that easy to simply say I demand fair pay. No, it is important to know what can and can not be done. Understanding that they have no rights is a necessary evil to accustom to until actions can be taken by laborers protesting that they have had enough.
I think you capture the idea of this quote by saying one can not simply demand fair pay because that could potentially cause someone to loose their job. I also agree with the fact that one person alone is not really going to change much, but when actions are 'taken by laborers protesting that they have had enough,' something can be done.
“He wanted to know what was going on at the meetings, and to be able to take part in them...”
“Then Jurgis became sorry that he could not read himself; and later on in the winter, when some one told him that there was a night school that was free, he went and enrolled.”
These two quotes show that Jurgis has unlimited potential. Jurgis is having a hard time understanding meetings when he does not fully understand or able to read anything in English. He takes the initiative to go to classes and learn English. He also begins to have Ona read him little books that a friend loaned him. These actions show that he wants the best for himself and will do what he can to get there.
I also made the connection to unlimited potential when Jurgis decided he was going to learn English. Do you think it'll help him deal with the corrupt bosses?
These quotes definitely encapsulate some of the difficulty Jurgis undertook while still attempting to learn the American language. However, would Intellectual Curiosity better suit this particular claim? He is trying to learn a new language instead of simply ignore it which implies curiosity or, more rather, necessity. But I digress.
Quote: "For her canning-factory had shut down! Marija would about as soon have expected to see the sun shut down- the huge establishment had been to her a thing akin to the planets and the seasons. But now it was shut! And they had not given her any explanation, they had not even given her a day's warning..."
Connection: After reading about Marija's abrupt lay-off, I immediately thought of workers in today's world and their struggle for a more stable work schedule. Very recently, workers from many low-end businesses (fast-food restaurants, retail stores, etc.) have been fighting and protesting for strengthened job security. Today, large corporations slash hours and lay off employees at will in the name of profit. I found a striking resemblance between the two situations. What is alarming is that nearly 100 years after The Jungle's story takes place, many of the same issues persist in today's workforce. While capitalism is as essential driving force to the US economy, it has continually led to greediness of the 1% at the expense of the "lower 99%".
Great connection. I liked how you recognized the similarities from today's job market compared to what the job market was like when the book was written. The issues you represent between the relationship between now and back then are very strongly supported with detail.
“The men would tie up their feet in newspapers and old sacks, and these would be soaked in blood and frozen, and then soaked again, and so on, until by nighttime a man would be walking on great lumps the size of the feet of an elephant. Now and then, when the bosses were not looking, you would see them plunging their feet and ankles into the steaming hot carcass of the steer, or darting across the room to the hot-water jets,” (Sinclair 88). This quote was significant to me because, more so than any other text in the chapter, it highlighted the horrible working conditions that Jurgis, and the working class in general, was subjected to in the 1900s. The fact that these men put up with this day by day is astounding, and it made me wonder why they didn’t just move--if they were immigrants perhaps to the country that they were from, or if they’re Americans to a rural town. What kept these people here, where the only jobs are those that horribly mutilate one’s body with cuts, blisters, tuberculosis, blood poisoning, depression, coughing fits, and flesh-eating acid?
"There came a time when there was so little flesh on him that the bones began to poke through -- which was a horrible thing to see or even think of."
I chose to represent my quote with evidence because it represents the life of those in poverty during the time this was written. The quote I wrote about was explaining the condition of Antanas when he became deathly ill. Even though his motivational factors came into play when he knew he needed to make money to provide for his family, nothing could stop the illness from eventually taking over his body and eating him up. This wasn't uncommon back in the day; people would become sick from work all the time and die without any consent. Of course, for the Rudkus family, Antanas' death was horrific, for they had never seen such an event in the past.
"...would yet consider himself a gentleman, as far removed as the poles from the most skilled worker on the killing beds; he would dress differently, and live in another part of the town, and come to work at a different hour of the day, and in every way make sure that he never rubbed elbows with a laboring man. Perhaps this was due to the repulsiveness of the work; at any rate, the people who worked with their hands were a class apart, and were made to feel it."
Connection: I feel that many people who have working jobs today could connection to a situation like this. Certain people many work hard and put all they effort they can but they don't get recognized for it. Instead those who don't work hard enough get recognized and people don't think it far. For instance, this could all relate to racial preference in the mid 1900's, back the in they day they preferred white people instead of colored people to be working and thus received better opportunities where they praised much more than if a person of color were to do the same task. This also bring back the idea that money is a true game changer. If you have it, you automatically become much more powerful that the individual who isn't as lucky.
Great job Chelsea! I really liked how you connected our lives with the past retold in the Jungle. You also brought out some good points about race.
"They were harried all day and nearly all night by worry and fear. This was in truth not living; it was scarcely even existing, and they felt that it was too little for the price they paid. They were willing to work all the time; and when people did their best, ought they not to be able to keep alive?"
This quote really brings to my mind unlimited potential. Jurgis and his family came to America on the wings of the "American Dream", really the epitome of unlimited potential. That no matter your social class, race, or upbringings, you had a shot at wealth and happiness if you worked hard. This feeling of anything is possible can really be the driving force behind someone's life. That one day, they will be able to live in comfort. That their children and their children's children will one day live in comfort. This was why they came to America in the first place. Now that sense of unlimited potential is starting to die as they are continually abused by the rough and unforgiving meatpacking industry of Chicago. The spark of unlimited potential is what drives them to put up with the continuous abuses that they undergo. Without that spark what is their reason to work. That feeling of helplessness and the realization that their suffering could go on forever may cause Jurgis or one of the family members just to give up. This is going to be an interesting dynamic to watch as the book moves on.
"Jurgis had once been among those who had scoffed at the idea of these huge concerns cheating; and so now he could appreciate the bitter irony of the fact that it was precisely their size which enabled them to do it with impunity."
The HOHAM which I believe best represents this quote would be Cooperation. Earlier today, we read the "Strike for Three Loaves" article about how workers were often brutally maimed, killed, or had pay deducted with impunity by the gigantic corporations. The companies rely on the paycheck-to-paycheck workers' cooperation with their greedy system in order to maintain profit. This ties into The Jungle, as Jurgis is now being properly robbed by his employer and has little choice but to cooperate with their demands in order to keep his family fed.
"Just one year and three days after she had begun work as a can-painter, she lost her job.
It was a long story. Marija insisted that it was because of her activity in the union." Chapter 10
Connection: I can connect with this quote, not in the sense of loosing my job, because I've never had one but in the way of not being accepted or rejected in someway, because of affiliations that you may have with another person or a group of people. It seems that a lot of times in high school people judge you and instantly decided weather or not they would want to be friends with you. Like Marija often times people or a group of people would not accept me as a friend, because of gossip they may have heard, or something someone else may have told them about me and they instantly judge me based on that information. They don't bother to get to know me or find out what I'm like. They just "fire" me as a friend because i may associate with someone they do not like, how Marija associates with the union.
I think it is super that you really thought about and understood your relation to this quote. You connected this quote to high school, affiliations, and judgement, which is something most of us can also relate too. Nice ulz!! :)
I like how Julz did not take the quote literally but interpreted it a different way. Connecting it to the book and personal life
Quote: " They would have to renew the insurance every year; they would have to pay the taxes, about ten dollars a year; they would have to pay the water tax, about six dollars a year--(Jurgis silently resolved to shut off the hydrant)."
HOHAMs: Evidence, and Self Advocacy
Comment: I chose this quote for two reasons, I immediately recognized two HOHAMs, evidence and self advocacy. he family is being scammed over and over and over again and this is one of the many forms of evidence. The cruel insurance man is charging ridiculous prices for the repair of all of their misfortunes. Not to mention the outrageous prices of water and tax and to keep up their insurance! It is clear, straight forward evidence of the scam. But aside from this, my favorite part about this quote is what is stated in the parenthesis. "(Jurgis silently resolved to shut off the hydrant). " Isn't this the best? He is planning on doing something to make a stand. A small protest. A small action that is defiant, and helping (in a way) Him and his dear, misfortune family. He really is showing that 'umpf' of self advocacy, one of my favorite HOHAMS. :)
"...he had not earned the right [to her]; that she trusted him so was all her own simple goodness, and no virtue of his. But he was resolved that she should never find this out, and so was always on the watch to see that he did not betray any of his ugly self..."
I think that this quote shows integrity. Jurgis thinks that he doesnt deserve Ona, and that she will realize that if he allows himself to lose control. So he holds himself back. He pushes himself to be better, even when Ona is not around, and he thinks of her when he feels himself loosing his temper. Even if he is not doing it for his own benefit, or to better himself, Jurgis still shows integrity.
“Jurgis heard of these things little by little, in the gossip of those who were obliged to perpetrate them.”
Supposition: I suppose that Jurgis was slowly becoming more aware of how the American social system works, through gossip. He is learning that America isn't perfect and that it is more like Russia than he would've liked. He is slowly finding out the many ways people lie and cheat in America.
Quote: "One of the first consequences of the discovery of the union was that Jurgis became desirous of learning English. He wanted to know what was going on at the meetings, and to be able to take part in them, and so he began to look about him, and to try to pick up words."
In these chapters Jurgis tries to learn english. He was trying to learn how the American social system works. And wanted to be apart of the conversations and know what they were saying. I believe we can connect this today with there being so many different types of languages an wanting to participate and understand what others are saying. I know if I was in his position I would feel left out. I know it was hard for my great grandparents when they immigrated from Ireland and had to learn english quickly.
And shortly afterward one of these, a physician, made
the discovery that the carcasses of steers which had been
condemned as tubercular by the government inspectors,
and which therefore contained ptomaines, which are
deadly poisons, were left upon an open platform and
carted away to be sold in the city; and so he insisted that
these carcasses be treated with an injection of kerosene--
and was ordered to resign the same week!
This really gave me perspective on what was going on at the meat plants. The Plant owners had so much power that if anything didn't go their way, they could "fix" it however they wanted. When I read this, I felt like I was being watched, I didn't know why. I wasn't doing anything suspicious, I just felt weird. At my house, if my dad didn't like something, it had to stop. I probably felt that while I was doing this because he doesn't like me on sites posting things... Like the physician who found out about the cows, he had to resign that same week! Great now I paranoided myself...
"Perhaps, Jurgis thought, this waas intended to signify that it was his baby; that it was his and Ona's, to care for all its life. Jurgis had never possessed anything nearly so interesting - a baby was, when you came to think about it, assuredly a marvelous possession. It would grow up to be a man, a human soul, with a personality all its own, a will of it's own! Such thoughts would keep haunting Jurgis, filling him with all sorts of strange and almost painful excitements."
I chose cooperation for this part of the reading because when i read this I was thinking how scared/ exciting it would be to have a baby. You have to care for a tiny little soul and to know when to help and know when they should be doing thinks on their own. So all in all you need cooperation when you have a baby you have to work with your partner.
I didn't see the link on her edmodo the other night for this and i'm pasting it from my docs.
I chose prespective and unlimited potential for my paragraph today. At the beginning of the book I thought that Jurgis was just another immigrant trying to live the American dream, but just wasting away in a factory, just making barely enough to feed his family. However, he is very motivated to actually rank up in his work field. He is doing every little thing he can to try to earn higher positions, and I think it might work. The farther you read the more Jurgis's perspective changes. He went into the factory life, not truly knowing what to expect, to seeing all the horrors inside, to aspiring to want to control the horrors inside, and become a big part of the business. He wants to support his family to the best of his ability and is making so many sacrifices to make an attempt to do so.
"The deed was signed now, he said, with sarcasm proper to the new way of life he had learned--the deed was signed, and so the agent had no longer anything to gain by keeping quiet. And Jurgis looked the fellow squarely in the eye, and so the fellow wasted no time in conventional protests, but read him the deed."
I think that this quote best shows the trait of Intellectual Curiosity. Jurgis signed himself and his family into a mess from which they now can not escape. Fess and debts are starting to pile in upon them from all sides. And so Jurgis takes it upon himself to find out what's really going on, what he really signed up for, and the horrors and schemes of Packingtown are laid open before him. This is when he comes to realize that not only is Packingtown a filthy and rotten place, but that it is a world of danger, great danger, one built to exploit immigrants like himself. The agent is an evil, the likes of which occur in nature all the time. Whilst he may appear friendly and inviting, there is a poison that lives in his veins.
Some events that I thought were pretty significant took place primarily in chapter 10 when things began going downhill for Marija, Jurgis, and Ona; Marija loses her job and doubts the canning factory will ever reopen and when it does, she just gets fired, Jurgis is struggling to make money for the family, and Ona is about to have a baby without a proper doctor. After a few weeks of searching for a job, Marija gets a job of cutting diseased meat up, but the pay is even worse than what it originally is and she hates the working conditions. I was really shocked at this part in the book because I can barely imagine what it's like to have to go through any of these events or in this time period, and it's sad that so many people had to go through events similar to these just to be able to barely get enough money to live in America and were constantly competing against one another for jobs, no matter how terrible the conditions were.
"“He found that here, precisely as in Russia, there were rich men who owned everything; and if one could not find any work, was not the hunger he began to feel the same sort of hunger?” chapter 9 second paragraph
I found this quote very interesting because it was describing how that there was no difference between what he was running from and what he has moved into. Were he still had the fear of hunger. With the rich controlling his fate. This can become a huge struggle for Jurgis because if he slips up the ones controlling him can bring out the worst part about being an immigrant, having no home and not being able to get a job.
It was a war of each against all, and the devil take the hindmost. You did not give feasts to other people, you waited for them to give feasts to you. You went about with your soul full of suspicion and hatred; you understood that you were environed by hostile powers that were trying to get your money, and who used all the virtues to bait their traps with. The store-keepers plastered up their windows with all sorts of lies to entice you; the very fences by the wayside, the lampposts and telegraph poles, were pasted over with lies. The great corporation which employed you lied to you , and lied to the whole country— from top to bottom it was nothing but one gigantic lie.
This quote shows self advocacy in the saddest way possible, with jorgis finally realizing that the only way to survive at this time, was not to trust anybody. It is a sad truth, but nearly everybody was trying to hurt jurgis and his family, to bleed him dry, and to sap his strength until he could no longer fight back against it, and when he is old and useless, to throw him away.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.