“There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, in the dirt and sawdust, where the workers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption germs.” ch.14
Perspective: This quote gave me a new perspective on what it is like to work in the factories. Not only did this give me a vision of people dropping meat on the floors but it also gives me an image of men spitting all over the floor while handling the meat. A couple of my friends are vegetarians and they say the reason they don’t eat meat is because of the conditions the factories are in. I have seen videos of present day meat factories and they don’t look super sanitarie. This makes me wonder if modern day meat factories are like the ones described in the Jungle or if they have changed dramatically. Is there stuff we don’t know about modern day meat factories?
Amazing post Jessica! I think about that too! I hope that factories now are not as gross as they were in that time.
I really like the quote you've pick. This also makes me wonder if they changed through out the year. This makes me not want to eat meat if it is the same as back than..
Great connection to your own life! I agree a lot of the imagery described in the book is really freaking me out about eating meat.
I love how you did a perspective HOHAM but you also connected it with your friends.
"Is there stuff we don’t know about modern day meat factories?"
I can't help but wonder that too! Sometimes I question what I'm eating while consuming a burger, but yet I don't at the same time. Are all factories unsanitary? Are these restaurants telling the truth when they say their meat what processed in a clean environment? Very specific and well written. :)
I enjoy the way you connected it to a personal situation. You made me think about the current conditions of meat factories and whether or not things have actually changed or have just been covered up.
I think you do prove a very good point here. Just like in The Jungle, today we still don't know what goes on is the factories that produce the things we eat every day.
I love your analysis. I think meat factories have changed, but the conditions are still not very sanitary, the animals are treated horribly, and diseased meat is still sold. The hiddenness of meat factories is actually a big debate and there are many educational documentaries about it including one called Food Inc. if you are interested. I've seen it and it is quite interesting and good.
I agree with you Jessica, even though this book is written in another century, it doesn't mean that it still isn't like this today.
"They could not even cry out beneath it; but anguish would seize them, more dreadful than the agony of death. It was a thing scarcely to be spoken--a thing never spoken by all the world, that will not know its own defeat."
Integrity: The way the family is living astounded me. How they continue to press on, despite their troubled homes, the cruel work, the brutality of the world around them, they do their best to survive. It deeply affects them, with Ona's singsong personality slipping into quietness and Teta Elsbieta's numbness as evidence. It weighs on them, "They could not even cry out beneath it; but anguish would seize them, more dreadful than the agony of death. It was a thing scarcely to be spoken--a thing never spoken by all the world, that will not know its own defeat". But their integrity shows, their desire to survive and do well in life despite their troubles. Sinclair may write dark and revolting stories to show the reality of the situation, but he is also showing the deepest part of humanity: the ability to hope and have faith no matter how hard things get.
Wonderful post Sarah (Pookie), you gave a clear explanation of your feelings. This is a great book and I feel the exact same way you do about it.
Fantastic post! Your addition of the second quote within the comment was a nice choice and it supplemented your ideas. I love your last statement about humanity's ability to hope and persevere.
Awesome! Loved the quotes and the reflection. You really took time for this.
Awesome post! Your quote is beautiful in a really despairing way.
Very thoughtful response, and I like how you related hope to your response
Very reflective, Sarah! You really elaborate on the quote you chose and dove deeper, adding your own feelings.
Awesome post, I love how you managed to find the positive in these chapters, rather than focusing on all the terrible things that are happening
I think the way you talked about how even in this horrible situation the people somehow manage to find hope is lovely! I really enjoyed reading your thoughts!
I liked this statement a lot. It's amazing how no matter what was stopping the family, they still tried their hardest to move on.
They were beaten; they had lost the game, they were swept aside. It was not less tragic because it was so sordid, because that it had to do with wages and grocery bills and rents. They had dreamed of freedom; of a chance to look about them and learn something; to be decent and clean, to see their child group up to be strong. And now it was all gone-it would never be!"
For this quote, I choose unlimited potential. Even though everything is going down hill from this event, I still feel that they will somehow manage to push through. A lot of these people are very optimistic, but at this point they really seem to be super sad. I just feel that they defiantly have the potential to go through all of this. This was a hard passage for me to read, but I just need to keep thinking with an optimistic mind. It's also sad how much this affected them.
I like how when people were posting about how things are going downhill in the book you chose an interesting Habit to link it to as opposed to supposition.
That's some pretty deep and optimistic analyzing... Your quote definitely fits "unlimited potential", but you also talk a lot about what you predict might happen. Do you think "supposition" could also fit the quote you chose?
I like how you chose to focus on what good might come out of this! I think that this has some overlap in supposition, but I think unlimited potential creates a great lens to look at the book from!
Great Job Mr. Martinez!
I think that quote you chose was very critical and was defiantly something that should not be over looked. Personally, I do not think that Unlimited Potential is the best HOHAM for this particular section, but i do think that your perspective on it was insightful and rather intelligent. Great job,
I agree that this shows their unlimited potential. Expand on why this passage was so hard for your to read. What did it make you feel?
"For Ona was visibly going to pieces. In the first place she was developing a cough, like the one that had killed old Dede Antanas."
I choose supposition and connection for this journal entry. Ona is terribly ill, with awful coughs to looking thin and just sick. I predicted in my previous entry that someone would die soon. I think now it will be Ona that dies. She has a cough similar to Antanas'. If she were to die I believe that Jurgis would just break apart. He would drink even more and that would affect his job at the fertilizer plant. It would then cause the family to lose more money. This family started out strong and then they declined to a depressed, struggling family. I am still so proud of them all for working so hard even though they know that something horrible is approaching. I think if Ona dies, Jurgis will go on a drinking spree. Then, he will stop and work hard to take care of his family and keep the house. He is the leader of the family and knows that he needs to be strong for all of them to get by in this terrible.
Great job! I like how your post has a lot of your thought process in here. I also do predict she will be the next one to pass away.
I agree with your statements and supposition with the book. As much as I would like to think that things will get better, its not what its looking like right now. I liked your deep and thorough HOHAM Analysis!
I think that your prediction is really interesting and insightfully based on information on the book. Its really realistic as to what will possibly happen.
Great prediction! I agree that there is a high risk of Ona dying, and I thought the same thing while reading!
Really great quote you chose, Rachel. You analysis really helped with the undertanding of the quote. :)
"Jurgis, being a man, had troubles of his own. There was another specter following him. He had never spoken of it, nor would he allow any one else to speak of it--he had never acknowledged its existence to himself. Yet the battle with it took all the manhood that he had--and once or twice, alas, a little more. Jurgis had discovered drink."
For this passage the HOHAM that I chose to use is supposition. When I red this part of chapter 14 my heart sank. Not only was Ona sick and most likely dying, but now Jurgis is beginning to become like all of the other angry and miserable men that had no will to live. The characters that we had begun to love are now both going through huge character changes and I linked this with supposition because as these life changing things are happening it is inevitable that the story or the characters will be the same after this point in the book.
*will not be the same after this point in the book*
Nice post! I completely agree with your observation that Jurgis and Ona are likely to never be the same. You did a great job capturing the gravity of this pivotal moment in the story.
Nice Quote! I would agree with the supposition paragraph and how this is a sad part of the book. Almost everything is being thrown at this family and they just have to roll with the punches.
Excellent quote choice, Chris. Your analysis of this quote highlights Jurgis's entry to the abyss for beginning alcohol consumption.
"With one member trimming beef in a cannery, and another working in a sausage factory, the family had a first-hand knowledge of the great majority of Packingtown swindles. For it was the custom, as they found, whenever meat was so spoiled that it could not be used for anything else, either to can it or else to chop it up into sausage."
The HOHAM that ran through my head when reading this quote was supposition. I really want to know if everyone that works in meat, and sausage factories will tell the Country what REALLY is being put in there meat. I feel that Jurgis will eventually tell someone other than the family, and end up getting fired or perhaps sued for ratting out the factories. Jurgas and Ona will both become very depressed, and question what the benefits are of working in America, than working in the previous country they lived in.
Why do you suppose Jurgis would do that when he is barely making a living wage? Also, I don't think the unsanitary ways of meat factories were unknown of, rather looked away from. As the book has stated, there were government inspectors at the factories, however they were useless because they could easily be paid off to keep them from reporting any law breaking on the part of the factory.
I liked how you put your opinion instead of a summary what you read. I thought you had a cool reflection and hoham. Good job!
It's a really great thought about if Jurgis did tell about what the country what the factories are doing with the meat. If he were able to do it with other people, maybe the Americans may not buy the meat, making the factory have to produce better quality food. It would be hard to start but if he were successful that would be really cool.
I never would have thought to apply supposition here. It seemed challenging to connect and create a thorough paragraph on. You did a nice job doing so. Next time try going into greater detail on how Jurgis and Ona are depressed, how this is shone in the book. Over all very interesting and good HOHAM/response.
Quote: "There are all stages of being out of work in Packing town, and he faced in dread the prospect of reaching the lowest. There is a place that waits for the lowest man--the fertilizer plant!"
Response: Unlimited Potential:
No matter how hard it is to kept your self going or push self through tough times you shouldn't let all that hard work go to waste. And for it to be useful in the lowest job. For an example of handwork for me is Junior year. Yes its hard, stressful and tiring but my teachers don't just give me work just because they feel like it. All that work pays off in the end. For me this hard work I've been doing this year is going to get me a job that pays good money and that is something that I love to do. Jurgis should feel like that too. Since he is a good worker and should not give up on it.
I really like how you connected Jurgis' situation to your own life.You talk about how you believe that by working hard in school you will get a good job.Jurgis is similar in that he believed by working hard he would move up and secure a good living--but that proved to be quite the opposite for him.What if you found out that despite your hard work in school you wouldn't get the opportunites you dreamed of? How would you react?
I really liked how you connected your quote to your personal life.
I agree this shows unlimited potential because they keep pushing to get through tough times knowing it will get better. It seems as though you connected alot to this quote.
“It was if their hopes were buried in separate graves.” Page 143 (Barnes & Noble Classics Edition), about halfway through Chapter 14.
Significance: I think that this quote, as well as the paragraphs that led up to it, summates the horrific and dismal events that Jurgis and Ona have had to face in such a concise and profound manner. It is truly heartbreaking when reflecting upon the hopes and joy that they once had. The extremely strenuous work that they have had to face has, as well as, the cruel environment they are trying to survive in have both led to the continuous degrading of their hopes and morale. Their situation has not only defeated Jurgis and Ona as individuals, but it has placed such an immense strain on them that it has destroyed any sense of elation in their lives and relationship.
Great Post Mr. Gamboa!
I defiantly agree with what you said about this spectacular quote from the reading. I think that this was a very important quote in Chapter 14 and you explained it quite well for other who may have understood the reading, and for those who were somewhat puzzled. Once again, great job.
The quote you chose was really good. It really says a lot about their situation. I like how you talk about the dreams they once had, because they are so different from the situation they are in now.
Nice response. And I do agree with you, it is really sad that they have to go through this, and the working is destroying their relationship
Very nice quote. I liked how you brought out the point go Jurgis and Ona being defeated together and apart. Very nice.
Quote: "Although Jurgis did not understand it all, he knew enough by this time to realize that it was not supposed to be right to sell your vote. However, as everyone did it, and his refusal to join would not have made the slightest difference in the results, the idea of refusing would have seemed absurd, had it ever come into his head." (Sinclair 134)
Significance: Elections of all kinds in the early 1900s, ranging from local all the way up to federal, were rigged in favor of the candidate with the deepest pockets. At the polls, people would be paid to vote for a certain candidate. I was not aware of this sort of corruption in American politics. While deceptive campaigns and ridiculously large campaign budgets do still persist in the United States today, today's elections are more democratic in the sense that there are much stricter guidelines on how a politician can campaign. Sinclair's message on rigged elections was no doubt intentional. Buying votes was yet another "symptom" of a capitalistic society based around the possession of private property ($$$).
I also think this type of revelation is shocking and I like how you relate the happenings from then and now and how they've changed.
This part of the text really shocked me as well although I knew that elections weren't as fair as they are today. Before reading this I had no idea that people could be paid to sway the vote and I think it's great that you focused on that for your Reflection!
“you might see men and women and children bending over whirling machines and sawing bits of bone into all sorts of shapes, breathing their lungs full of the fine dust, and doomed to die, every one of them, within a certain definite time.”
Supposition- I think that the work and low wages are getting to the large family. With two deaths already, the family seems destined to diminish. This quote symbolically sums up the familys situation, and I think it is extremely relevant. I suppose that misfortune, overwork, and malnutritian will evetually lead to the end of the Lithuanian immigrants. Jurgis has to work in the choking nature of the fertilizer plant, and can barely stand when he gets home. The next day is no better, and Jurgis will probably not live for very much longer. I feel that supposition fits this passage well because it may be giving us foreshadowing for events to come in the story. I sincerely hope that the story does not end in disaster though!
Quote: “Yet the soul of Ona was not dead—the souls of none of them were dead, but only sleeping; and now and then they would waken, and these were cruel times." -Chapter 14
Significance: I think that this quote was extremely important to the reading and show a fairly large amount of significance in the way that it is so metaphorical and really captures the essence of the mood expressed in the last couple chapters. This quote was something that I believe is very significant because it really described how the family was struggling so utterly and it did this in one sentence. With the family struggling to have a meal everyday, I think that this quote really hit hard because it is so dark, but so very true that it sinks in and capture you when you read it.
I found myself really struck by this quote as well, it truly captures the burden the family faces from their hard work in such a beautiful way.
I almost chose this quote! I completely agree with you that this is tied to significance, and I like how well you reflected on this.
Nice analysis. This is a very good quote-these people are practically zombies with bottled up emotions and near lost hope, trying to make up and escape all the bad luck that they have had.
“It was stupefying, brutalizing work; it left her no time to think, no strength for anything.She was part of the machine she tended, and every faculty that was not needed for the machine was doomed to be crushed out of existence. There was only one mercy about the cruel grind--that it gave her the gift of insensibility. Little by little she sank into a torpor--she fell silent.”
Connection: In this current day and age it is easy to view people who work low income jobs as “unmotivated” or “lazy”. As a society we wonder why these people didn’t choose to educate themselves, why they don’t try to do something better with their lives.We complain that migrant workers are stealing our jobs and reaping the benefits of this country.In many ways the general attitude toward labores has not changed since the writing of “The Jungle”. In this quote we see the effects of this grueling work, how it leaves a person without so much the will to do their job, rest, and work again. If the price we pay for “advancement” is monotony and misery, is it worth it at all?
Xochitl- I really like how you connected this quote to modern day society, and touched an important topic today.
I like how you did Data, and Commentary x2 format here. I feel that if there was a quest paragraph on this quote, you would have aced it.
"He had faced difficulties before, but they had been child's play; now there was a death struggle and all the furies were unchained within him."
Significance: Here, Jurgis faces nature, a force greater than he has before, and one that he could not simply brush aside. With their jobs on the line he hauls them to the yards against the furious storm. This real first struggle connects to the quote, 'you never know how strong you are until being strong is the only option', but this also brings the question of how long can Jurgis stay strong? How long will these furies continue to drive and fuel him before even they cannot assist him? It seems that this is a significant point at which life will get much harder for the family as the long stretch is upon them to stay steady with their waning spirit and strength. With only perseverance, they may not even survive because of the all around horrible conditions.
Good analysis of that quote, what do you suppose will happen to Jurgis if he does lose his will and ability to stay string through these conditions.
QUOTE: "So he would carry on, becoming half hysterical himself, which was an unbearable thing to see in a big man; Ona would pull herself together and fling herself into his arms, begging him to stop, to be still, that she would be better, it would be all right. So she would lie and sob out her grief upon his shoulder, while he gazed at her, as helpless as a wounded animal, the target of unseen enemies."
REFLECTION: This phrase from the reading shattered my heart. It is from the last paragraph of chapter 14. The love between Jurgis and Ona has fallen apart, it has been tortured by the demons of the Industrial America. For this I chose supposition. Supposition because I have so many questions that start with 'What If'. What if Ona and Jurgis were never conned, scammed and tricked so much? What would have happened if Jurgis had never been hurt? What if urgis had gotten a better job? What if Ona had never been put in the rain, and fired? What if their misfortunes had been smaller? Would their love still be strong? What if life in America had met their expectations, and been the freedom they sought? What if he hadn't picked up drinking? It is painful to think what is going to happen upcoming to the couple. I fear that Ona's illness is going to grow more dire, and I fear for her new child. I wonder if they will survive. Their family is growing so hope-less and weak.I fear for our next reading. I want to imagine a happy life for them in the end, but no matter how hard I try, it just seems like a bad fan fiction. I can't see joy coming into their lives forever. I want to, I really do, I'm just having the hardest time seeeing it happening. This book is hurting my heart!
I can really agree with you on the whole "what if" factor. They have had terrible luck in the past, and their lives are upsidedown right now. I really hope Jurgis's Meeting-attending, and night classes will help them make advances, and eventually have everything together.
WOW! What a great response, I enjoyed the detail you went into, and how I could feel your passion leaking through in your response. Over all great job! :)
Great reflection! And it is entirely true just how hopeless they are becoming. It is extremely sad just to watch them, and I am scared too for whats going to happen in the next reading.
"Little Kotrina was like most children of the poor, prematurely made old; she had to take care of her little brother, who was a cripple, and also of the baby; she had to cook the meals and wash the dishes and clean house, and have supper ready when the workers came home in the evening."
The HOHAM I choose was cooperation because the quote shows how important is was that the family work together. Kotrina had to cooperate to help her family survive. Her part needed to make sure the family scraped by. In fact the entire family needed and depended on each other. They had so little, everyone's contribution counted. When Jonas disappeared a while back, the family's wages were cut by one third and everyone suffered for it. Family support is so important. However, if Jurgis left to try and make it on his own, he could. He has the ability to live on his own and save up. So his family is both helping and holding him back, supporting him and drowning him in their needs.
This is a really interesting point of view. I hadn't considered how dependent the family is on one another, and how much they rely on even the children of the family to support them.
"The meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one. there were things that went into the sausage in comparison with which a poisoned rat was a tidbit. There was no place for the men to wash their hands before they ate their dinner, and so they made a practice of washing them in the water that was to be ladled into the sausage. There were the butt-ends of smoked meat, and the scraps of corned beef, and all the odds and ends of the waste of the plants, that would be dumped into old barrels in the cellar and left there. Under the system of rigid economy which the packers enforced, there were some jobs that it only paid to do once in a long time, and among these was the cleaning out of the waste barrels. Every spring they did it; and in the barrels would be dirt and rust and old nails and stale water—and cartload after cartload of it would be taken up and dumped into the hoppers with fresh meat, and sent out to the public’s breakfast."
The hoham that I chose for my this journal entry is connection. Everyone in the family is working in the same industry pretty much- Since they have all been around to all the different parts of it, they can put together all the pieces to see how disgusting the industry is. Jurgis has seen all of the brutal murder, Ona and Marija have both worked in packaging, teta made sausage, and Jonas pickled things. I really don't blame Ms. Chavez (she's the one right?) for going vegetarian after reading this. This quote in particular really shows the awful circle of their profession back then. The book really goes into detail on how bad not only the working conditions are, but the food conditions as well. Meat is dropped on the floor constantly, and put back in, any bad meat goes into sausage, and the sausage is stored in extremely unsanitary areas. I really feel bad for Teta and Ona the most- Teta cannot stand the working conditions, and is barely sane in them. Ona is starting to get mental problems from her hectic life, and breaks into tears a lot. Everyone is in such a struggle, but they're all in it together, and their hopes and dreams are the only things keeping them alive.
Your quote could definitely use a large trimming ("The meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one... There was no place for the men to wash their hands before they ate their dinner, and so they made a practice of washing them in the water that was to be ladled into the sausage," might be an adequate reduction) but otherwise, your analysis of this quote is concise and accurately represents the source material.
I agree with Justin, and you can use "..." to get rid of parts of the quote not important to you. Great analysis!
"And now he died. Perhaps it was the smoked sausage he had eaten that morning--which may have been made out of some of the tubercular pork that was condemncd as unfit for export."
Connection: Last Reading Journal I did my paragraph on how Jurgis had to make a decision on wether he is doing the right thing by working for the people he worked for. Now having a family crisis with a member dying puts the connection into affect. This shows how the city has affected this family and pushed them to their limits. The connection here is that Jurgis worked for a company in which killed one of his own. In the past Reading Journal I talked about how I personally would of reconsidered working for a company which unintentionally kills people. After these chapters I would have quit and then told my family to stop eating these awful products. Although is there another way to eat, survive, live?
“The sausage-room was an interesting place to visit, for two or three minutes, and provided that you did not look at the people; the machines were perhaps the most wonderful things in the entire planet.”
Evidence/Perspective: This quote really stood out to me showing evidence of two different perspectives of the sausage rooms. If someone were to tour the room, it could be a wonder at how marvelous all the machines are, until they see the people working. They are like robots, struggling each minute to do the same repetitive motion so that they can feed their families when they get home. It makes me think of how much I dislike repetitive jobs, and for these women to do they same thing day after day would make me go insane. I don’t know if the physical or mental aspect would get to me first. It really shows the severity of factory working conditions.
It makes you wonder if the people are just as much of a machine.
You did a perfect job at showing Perspective. But how did Evidence play into this quote for you?
Nice choice... It really interests me after reading your response to think at how the factory bosses would view the naming of their workers as machines. Would they view this as a positive description?
"An unmarried man could save, if he did not drink, and if he was absolutely selfish-- that is, if he paid no heed to the demands of his old parents, or of his little brothers and sisters, or of any other relatives he may have, as well as of the members of the union, and his chums, and the people who were starving to death next door."
Self-Advocacy: This quote best resembles the idea of Self-Advocacy, for in Packingtown, Chicago, one much truly self advocate to survive. Throughout The Jungle, the idea of Jurgis supporting his family is constantly challenged due to higher prices for food and board while his salary is repeatedly deducted from. In the beginning, Jurgis approaches work with the belief that he will become a wealthy man; by the time he sprains his leg muscle, he considers himself lucky to even pay for bread. The only way to live moderately in Packingtown is to deny one's heritage. Most families coming to America through immigration were extremely tight-packed and friendly, but this is unfeasible in a culture based on self-preservation. Denying help to all those who need it would be impossible for these immigrants and as a result they continue to wallow in poverty.
The quote that you chose was very interesting to me because I think it accurately sums up the reality of the American dream. There is truth in saying that Americans have the potential to become rich and rise up from their current societal bonds, however, the chances of that happening are slim when one takes into account other priorities such as family, drinking, unions, and other empathetic human ideologies.
"Little Kotrina, who was all alone with him, ran out screaming for help, and after a while a doctor came, but not until Kristoforas had howled his last howl. No one was really sorry about this except poor Elzbieta, who was inconsolable." (pg. 105)
In the beginning of chapter thirteen, Elzbieta's son passed away presumably from eating sausage that was no good. However, as the book says, he was crippled and diseased, and death was not much a surprise- at least to everyone besides Elzbieta. Many people in the family saw it as a relief that he passed away, that way they didn't have to worry about another mouth to feed, and he couldn't bother them anymore by crawling around. Jurgis even refused to help pay for the funeral costs of Kristoforas, the child who died. Elzbieta was really the only one who responded in a negative way, being upset as any mother who lost their child should.
The significance of this is that the family is starting to become desensitized to the life in Chicago. They seemed to be more put off by illness, death, etc, at the time when they got to Chicago, but as they stayed there and worked hard, it didn't matter to them as much. Since to book is not even half way done, it is interesting to see how much further they can take it, emotionally and physically. The characters seem to already not care about even the most dark events happening to their family, and have already hit such a low point, what else can possibly happen?
You really made me thinking about this significance. I was wondering that if it really was like that once even though it is not that long time ago, and were caring about more surviving than living.
"Working in his shirt sleeves, and with the thermometer at over a hundred, the phosphates soaked in through every pore of Jurgis' skin, and in five minutes he had a headache, and in fifteen was almost dazed. The blood was pounding in his brain like an engine's throbbing; there was a frightful pain in the top of his skull, and he could hardly control his hands. Still, with the memory of his four months' siege behind him, he fought on, in a frenzy of determination; "
Integrity: jurgis shows the perfect example of integrity when working with the fertilizer. It was bad enough that he was working with bad meat that possibly could have been the cause of Kristoforas's death, but now he is working with something that puts him in danger the more he works the job. This quote shows how much Jurgis knows that he needs a job for his family. No matter how weak or how much pain he felt, " he fought on " .
The working conditions were awful at the time and your quote expresses it perfectly. The way Jurgis still has not yet lost his sanity is a goal in its self.
I really liked the hoham you used, and how you explained that Jurgis used this difficult moment in his life to move forward and improve.
Quote: "...the souls of none of them were dead, but only sleeping;"
Response: Jurgis's perspective of death is changed drastically by the loss of Ona. He goes from believing death is a part of life, death is the end, to believing in souls and death not being/meaning the end. To loose a loved one, especially someone extremely close, is like loosing a part of ones self. It forces the person left behind to look at themselves, everything around them and causes the perspective of death to change. In Jergus's case he takes his anger and sadness and puts it on his work, there terrible conditions, pay and products. Ona's death led to a complete perspective change in Jergus's life. What would have happened in the book if Ona had lived?
"...He could drink! He could forget the pain, he could slip off the burden; he would see clearly again, he would be master of his brain, of his thoughts, of his will. His dead self would stir in him, and he would find himself laughing and cracking jokes with his companions--he would be a man again, and master of his life."
I chose perspective for my HOHAM. Drinking is a bad thing for your health and morality. It creates a slowly declining way down to rock bottom. In Jurgis and the men in the factory, what happens when they have already hit rock bottom. What could possibly make life any worse? We associate alcoholism as a bad thing, which it is. However in the case of immigrants, it was the only way they found pleasure in life, the only way they could escape their fears and pain. I think alcoholism is actually a good thing in that day and age. It kept the men sane and though they might be drunks and losing their connections with family, it was far better than losing all hope in their lives and eventually dying without experiencing a little happiness.
"Little Kotrina was like most children of the poor, prematurely made old; she had to take care of her little brother, who was a cripple, and also of the baby; she had to cook meals and wash the dishes and clean house, and have supper ready when the workers came home in the evening. She was only thirteen, and small for her age, but she did all this without a murmur; and her mother went out, and after trudging a couple of days about the yards, settled down as a servant of a “sausage machine”.”
HOHAM REFLECTION (Self Advocacy)
Kotrina has to grow up early because of the situation she is put in, her mother goes to work in a sausage factory and when her mother is working in very bad conditions she is the one running the house she has to take care of her siblings. She doesn’t just take care of them she cleans the house and cooks supper before people come home from long days at the factory. She is thirteen years old and has to act at least ten years older, she is so mature for her age and she is missing out on her childhood.
I really liked the HOHAm you chose and how you related it to the quote as well as the passage :)
"They were beaten; they had lost the game, they were swept aside. It was not less tragic because it was so sordid, because that it had to do with wages and grocery bills and rents. They had dreamed of freedom; of a chance to look about them and learn something; to be decent and clean, to see their child group up to be strong. And now it was all gone-it would never be!"
Things seem to be worsening for the characters in "The Jungle." I feel Significance is one of the most prominent HOHAMs in the reading. Jurgis critically analyzes the road where they all seem to be rolling down. He has become like the men who had once promised himself he would never become. He became alcholic and began distancing himself from his family. He reflects on what is going on his life and forces himself to break his addiction and keep himself from drinking in order to be there for his family where he is needed more than anything in htese times. This topic can be related to many other working men and women, alcholism is something that many people struggle with and can be the breaking point for many families.
"It was to his building that Jurgis came daily, as if dragged by an unseen hand."
I chose this quote because it represents symbolism. It symbolizes a hand dragging Jurgis to work everyday. He couldn't fight back or refuse, since it was the only thing keeping him and his family from suffering. It's kinda sad that he was literally forced to go to this horrible job, but it seems that he is letting this "hand" get the best of him. He doesn't mind it anymore, as if this job has just become a part of his life. He knows the secrets of the factory, he's just giving into the factory. He's letting it get the best of him, and he's letting it get between everything he does or loves. It's as if he's like a puppet, and this hand is controlling his life.
I like your reflection, but remember it has to follow the HOHAM guidelines.
I agree with you, I wouldn't want to go to a job I didn't like especially if I was forced. this statement brings a lot of good points.
"At any rate he was wretchedly sick and undersized; he had the rickets, and though he was over three years old, he was no bigger than an ordinary child of one. All day long he would crawl around the floor in a filthy little dress, whining and fretting; because the floor was full of drafts he was always catching cold, and snuffling because his nose ran. This made him a nuisance, and a source of endless trouble in the family. For his mother, with unnatural perversity, loved him best of all her children, and made a perpetual fuss over him--would let him do anything undisturbed, and would burst into tears when his fretting drove Jurgis wild." - Chapter 12
Significance: Here we have Kristoforas, a weak little boy with the constant struggle to live. Just his presence and need for help causes a horrible burden for even Jurgis to carry. This is a rather significant HOHAM because it's showing even the misfortune that others are going through around him. This is showing significance in the story of how it's affecting the little boy's loved ones and Jurgis. Something tells me that this isn't over yet. In later chapters this boy's death could create an impact or even convey a message even if it's subtle. It's such a sad scene and I highly doubt this event won't be mentioned again.
Excellent point! I also think that Kristoforas' death is symbolic of bad things to come.
“They had dreamed of freedom; of a chance to look about them and learn something; to be decent and clean, to see their child grow up to be strong. And now it was all gone—it would never be! They had played the game and they had lost. Six years more of toil they had to face before they could expect the least respite, the cessation of the payments upon the house; and how cruelly certain it was that they could never stand six years of such a life as they were living!” (Sinclair 149). This quote was significant to me because it made me realize that they probably couldn’t handle six more years of this. With the growing interest on the house loan, family members falling to sickness, and Jurgis’ new treacherous job at the fertilizer plant and new drinking problem, I don’t think things are going in a very good direction, and I think that any of them will be lucky to leave the town alive and unbroken. The attitude of the meat-packing industry at this time is sickening beyond description. Just to think of all of the families destroyed with the false promise of the American dream, killed by the very meat that they manufactured, is immensely depressing, and it makes me wonder how the men that were in charge of this thing had gotten so greedy? I think that they way the industry uses these people is worse than death--they’re broken, lied to, made to suffer, their entire families ruined and tossed aside for the new and undefiled. How could these people be so greedy? Even if they simply made the factory a safe place to work at, where hard work was rewarded not with death and disease, but with safety and good health, they would have immeasurably improved working conditions. What the hell is going through these bosses heads?
Very insightful post of the whole book so far.
I like the way you closed your arguments. I don't think anyone knows to be honest! (You know, aside from money, what can make them money and complete disregard for anything that can't make them money).
"Six years more of toil they had to face before they could expect the least respite, the cessation of the payments upon the house; and how cruelly certain it was that they could never stand six years of such a life as they were living!"
Perspective: I feel like I have been reading this book only thinking about the struggles that the family is going through right now, and how it seems like they are neverending. Then I read this passage, and I realized that no, this probably won't be happening forever, as long as they can keep it up. There is a light at the end of the tunnel, where a lot of their pay won't be going into house payments, and they can save more and buy more and have a better life in general. Then again, it is SIX YEARS away, where the family is suffering right now. They're hardly able to hold on, so six years probably sounds like an eternity. Not to mention the part of the deed where it says that they lose the house if they only miss on payment. I find it interesting how the time can seem so long to some and so short to others.
Exactly my thought process when reading this part. I think we're all definitely waiting for things to take a turn for the better, but it seems that won't be coming so long as this company stays the same.
"Although Jurgis did not understand it all, he knew enough by this time to realize that it was not supposed to be right to sell your vote. However, as everyone did it, and his refusal to join would not have made the slightest difference in the results, the idea of refusing would have seemed absurd, had it ever come into his head." Page 134
This quote has a lot of significance, specifically in terms of what Upton Sinclair is trying to convey to the public through "The Jungle". Though overall the books focus on the many pitfalls of capitalism were lost on the general public, and instead focused on the meatpacking industry, this quote showed another very interesting fault in society, specifically ones in which the public vote on leaders. The votes being bought from Jurgis and other immigrants show the ease at which elections where rigged through the power of financial well being or more of taking advantage of those that weren't as financially steady. This really makes me question the history of our country and how fairly presidents have been elected and still are elected to this day. Sure, stricter laws have been put in place to limit the power of money in elections and to all but eliminate corruption but still I wonder if some of these problems still persist. Overall this quote had a lot significance to me because it really came as a surprise how corrupt elections once were in America, because I really viewed rigged elections as a thing of less technologically advanced countries.
I really like how you connected the chapter to the history of our country and how sometimes stricter laws are put, but fail and they still continue.
Quote: "It was a battle that had no end, that never could have one."
After the death of that child, everybody is going through a difficult time. Although the struggle may seem never ending, Jurgis and the family can't seem to get by or see improvements. They begin to connect everything they've seen in the industry and out of it. Everything is coming together and they are finally realizing the dirty secrets behind everything. Although its horrible, they have no choice but to carry on and make the best of the situation their in. This can connect to our modern day society now because industries as well as people may not be what they seem, and behind them can be something that can hurt us truly.
Karen, I really like this connection. I think it completely relates to our current society. It reminds of the 2012 election GMO proposition where they wanted to have all of the nutrition information readily available for all foods.
You make a really great point. Even though we have made huge advancements in the food industry since then it's almost as if nothing has changed in the moral principles that lie behind the huge corporate monsters of America.
I think you state a very good point by this, Yes, they do know what horrible things happen in Packingtown, but they are helpless to do anything about it and just have to keep trudging on.
"The place, of course, was in an uproar; women fainting and shrieking, and men rushing in. Jurgis was so bent upon his task that he knew nothing of this, and scarcely realized that people were trying to interfere with him; it was only when half a dozen men had seized him by the legs and shoulders and were pulling at him, that he understood that he was losing his prey. In a flash he had bent down and sunk his teeth into the man's cheek; and when they tore him away he was dripping with blood, and little ribbons of skin were hanging in his mouth." Ch. 15
This quote shows the opposite of Integrity in my eyes. "Integrity: a student who understands and uses social responsibility, practices and sees the importance of ethics, recognizes that freedom comes with responsibility, serves with their mind and heart." To me, this definition describes a trained, well rounded human being. It is a person who has been trained to see their surroundings and understand them. They are also aware of how they fit into those surroundings. It shows a person who knows when things are appropriate. It shows someone who would be able to control their emotions.
Jurgis shows the opposite of all of these things when he attacks Ona's boss, Conner, who has been taking advantage of her and abusing her. Sinclair paints a picture of a raw, angry human being. When you take out a person's integrity, what they were taught and what they have learned to be a "social citizen", what are you left with?
People's integrity can be tested, yes. And when faced with certain circumstances, the reactions have to be looked at in relative terms. If you are faced with an extreme situation, your reaction will most likely be extremem. They attack in order to survive.
I really like your point in your entry. You really explained your point of integrity in a really different way and it was very well done! :)
I agree with Rachel, I like how you tell us, as to what you think defines integrity, and then you picked a quote that does not exemplify it but rather the opposite. Thats really cool and unique.
Quote: "This is no fairy story and no joke; the meat will be shoveled into carts and the man who did the shoveling will not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one."
Perspective: In my previous journal entry I talked about the lack of quality in foods and the food industry. I am continuing that topic but digging in deeper to why that is. Originally, I thought that the reason the food quality was so was due to something that was caused by the large corporations and companies that owned the factories. However, after more thorough reflection and more reading my perspective has changed. Instead of being caused by the companies it is instead a result of the workers in the factories. It makes sense. You spend nearly a whole day doing the exact same thing in cramp conditions. You are weak due to poor diet which comes from the lack of money earned from your job. If put in this situation why would you be concerned about the quality of the product? You would try to do the least amount of work amount possible. Unlike current times you aren't rewarded for your hard work. You can do the least amount of work and would get the equivalent to that of one who works much harder.
This all forms a vicious circle. The companies give their employees very little pay. Employees therefore work very poorly and produce a very low quality product. Their product is distributed amongst everyone causing many health diseases. Disease results in death. This causes certain family members to work harder. Completing the circle, family members put even less effort into their job.
"Little Kotrina was like most children of the poor, prematurely made old; she had to take care of her little brother, who was a cripple, and also of the baby; she had to cook the meals and wash the dishes and clean house, and have supper ready when the workers came home in the evening."
Cooperation: This shows that kotrina is trying to help her family as best as possible. She is only thirteen but she is cooperating with her family. She should be in school like other kids her age but she has to help her family as they work hard. She has to run the house and watch the kids while the adults are at work. This shows her cooperation with her family.
"Within his soul it was like a roaring furnace; he stood waiting, waiting, crouching as if for a spring”
Supposition: Jurgis has been brought down to his absolute lowest, his wife has been raped, but what can he do? Yes, he can throw a few punches at his offender, but I doubt that will suffice in curing his aggression. Jurgis is powerless, he must must continue to work, but now with the full realization of his superiors corruption.There is no escaping this reality-- but a temporary escape does exist in alcoholism.I predict Jurgis will turn to this as the only source to rid his anger.In turn, Ona and his marriage, and the family will suffer.
“There was never the least attention paid to what was cut up for sausage; there would come all the way back from Europe old sausage that had been rejected, and that was mouldy and white- it would be dosed with borax and glycerine, and dumped into the hoppers, and made over again for home consumption. There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, in the dirt and sawdust, where the workers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption germs. There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, and thousands of rats would race about on it.”
Perspective: I think I'd like to start off by saying that I'm never going to eat sausage again. Good, now that that's out of the way, Id like to talk a bit about perspective. I found this new aspect of Packingtown's meat industry thoroughly disturbing, but the most horrific aspect of it by far was that Jurgis and Elzbieta and Ona had bought those very same sausages earlier in the book. This shows that even the people who work in different parts of Packingtown are completely oblivious to the horrible things that go into the foods that they eat every day. Teta Elzbieta said herself that she thought it may have been the sausages that could have contained tubercular meat were what could have killed her crippled son. Their perspectives on what horrors go into the foods they eat have changed as they progress through different jobs in the meat packing industry. They may be slowly starving and very short on money, but the family has become aware that when they think they are eating meats, what they actually get is rat poison and meat so pumped with chemicals and filth it is even counterproductive to their healths.
I definitely agree with you here. I, too, found it interesting that Elzbieta is working to package the same sausages her son likely died because of. If I worked at a meat packing factory, I can't imagine that I would be able to eat meat again, although I suppose they have little choice unless they want to starve.
You always give a great reflection on the quote! It is really disgusting what they put in the meat. And at least the family is aware of that now
"It was a battle that had no end, that never could have one. But Jurgis did not realize that very clearly; he was not given much time for reflection; He simply knew that he was always fighting." (Chapter 14)
Self-Advocacy: In this part of the book, Jurgis is at point where everything is falling apart. Everything had been falling down on him with the money (the economy) and he has been working so hard like a machine that never stops. His family has been working so hard as well too, in order to provide, save up, and as well to survive. Jurgis simply knew that he's been fighting really hard to get what he wants for him and his family. All they wanted was freedom and happiness, but it looks like Jurgis has to face a long battle, many challenges in order to win freedom and happiness.
“The gates of memory would roll open—old joys would stretch out their arms to them, old hopes and dreams would call to them, and they would stir beneath the burden that lay upon them, and feel its forever immeasurable weight. ”
At this point everyone can see how bad its gotten, and they try to power through but the good memories are creeping up on them and forcing them to face the reality that they are not happy, they are not safe or even healthy, they have to fight for every last bite of food. They are buried under an immeasurable darkness and these small memories are taunting them with what was and what will never be. They can see the world they had hoped to find, slipping through their fingers and now they have to face the real world with nothing left to keep them going save for that instinct, that part of a person that forces them to keep going because it refuses to die, to just give up. And I suppose this is where they see it, where they are forced into a new perspective, where they finally face the happy memories and know it is a far off dream. They see the world as it is and that is something they can hardly bare.
"They had dreamed of freedom; of a chance to look about them and learn something; to be decent and clean, to see their child grow up to be strong. And now it was all gone--it would never be! They had played the game and they had lost."
Connection: They family never imagined that the life of living in America would be like this. They don't have enough money to pay their bills, or to even put more food on the dinner table. I feel that family is now regretting the choice they made of coming to America. They imagined their life to be different, but that not how things went. I feel that many people could relate to a situation like this. Many make decisions that think it's for the best, but later find out that it's not. They then feel guilty and wonder how life would've been if it wasn't for that choice.
I really like the connection you made here, I wonder of their lives would be better if they hadn't immigrated or if their home town was even worse then the conditions in America.
"There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, in the dirt and sawdust, where the workers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption germs. There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, and thousands of rats would race about on it."
The more I read this book, the more I understand why people try to become vegetarian after reading it... I'm even considering it!
This quote is significant because it insights that no one really knows what they're eating. We could all be fed disgusting food like this and never be the wiser. Of course, nowadays working conditions are supposedly better, but do we really know?
This can also tie into perspective. I'm sure the people working at that factory would be vegetarians, too if that were an option for them! but being so poor, you take what you can get. It's even sadder to think that they know they're poisoning themselves and their community, but what really can they do? What can they say?They can't lose their job! This most certainly does not embody the idea of "The American Dream"! Quite frankly, I'm on the edge of my seat, waiting for things to turn around! Six more years of this? I don't think so. These conditions are tearing everyone and everything apart.
“And still Jurgis stuck it out! In spite of splitting headaches he would stagger down to the plant and take up his stand once more, and begin to shovel in the blinding clouds of dust.”
Unlimited Potential: I see unlimited potential within this passage because to me it shows that after all that Jurgis has been through so far, he still manages to persevere and adapt to even the most grueling situations. I also see Self-Advocacy within this because it shows Jurgis’s will to survive and provide for his family, no matter how stark their future looks
"No one was really sorry about this except poor Elzbieta, who was inconsolable."
The HOHAM I chose for this quote was perspective because it truly shows how different peoples perspectives can be. This young boy, born a cripple --making him unable to walk and, as put in the book, a nuisance-- died. His mother who was most likely the only person who actually loved him, even in that state, is so horrified and filled with sorrow she feels nothing can make her happy again, while the rest of the people around her are most likely relieved. I don't blame them for it, it seems like a horrible and hard situation all around and if I were in it i have no idea which side I would be on, I imagine somewhere in the middle. Anyway, this quote really does show how your perspective is changed based on relationships, disposition, gender, and many other things.
"They had dreamed of freedom; of a chance to look about them and learn something; to be decent and clean, to see their child grow up to be strong. And now it was all gone--it would never be! They had played the game and they had lost."
This quote shows the family's change of perspective on America. Jurgis and Ona had originally seen America as a land of opportunity. Even after their wedding, when they were having financial difficulties, they were convinced they could become rich. They could not see any of the flaws in this new and promising country. However, as time continued they begin to see the imperfections in America, and when Ona, Jurgis and Elzbieta were forced to begin working in horrible conditions, realization set it. They had bet on America and lost. Their perspective went from being hopeful and determined to broken and numb.
"Of course Jurgis had made his home a miniature fertilizer mill a minute after entering. The stuff was half an inch deep in his skin—his whole system was full of it, and it would have taken a week not merely of scrubbing, but of vigorous exercise, to get it out of him."
Just the fact that Jurgis puts his health second to earning money is a connection as well as well as a lack of self advocacy. The connection for me is mostly that, in life we all must set priorities and for me health (ITBFS) and school are often battling for attention. In this case Jurgis is letting his work win by a long shot because instead of worrying that he is being poisoned by his work, he is trying to get used to it quickly to make his symptoms go away so that he can kill himself without being in immediate physical pain. This connects, and in some ways is the opposite of Self Advocacy. He is advocating for himself and his family by making money for them no matter what the consequences. However, he is also putting his own well being last, which goes against one of the first definitions of Self Advocacy; Preserving oneself.
The opposite of self-advocacy idea you talked about is an interesting way to look at it. I never thought of it that way but it makes a lot of sense.
"One of the consequences of this episode was that the first joints of three of the little boy's fingers were permanently disabled, and another that thereafter he always had to be beaten before he set out to work, whenever there was fresh snow on the ground."
Here I see connections between the accounts of the injuries the family faced here and the reading we did last week about the girl who got scalped. The reading gave us an overall look at how conditions were at that time, while the Jungle gives us a personal account of the horrors of that time. It is amazing how stories can connect us and give us a "fly on the wall" experience into history.
Wow I love that you connected this is the paper we read, I didn't see this before.
"whenever meat was so spoiled that it could not be used for anything else, either to can it or else to chop it up into sausage." Chapter 14
Perspective: This part of the book really changed my perspective, I wasn't aware before of how poorly the meat was made. It's hard to imagine just how horrible it was working in the factories, it disgusts me to just read about it let alone actually be one of the people processing it. It tells you how they would used old spoiled, disease filled meat and mix it in or grind it down so no one would know. I'm baffled that the workers did this and didn't refuse or spread the word to others on how the meat was made. This shows how much poverty the people were in, they would work wherever for whatever in order to get food and shelter for themselves and families. I wonder if everyone knew about the meat factories if they would no longer want to consume it.
I like how you think about what it would be like to be in the characters place in the book.
"Ona, too, was falling into a habit of silence—Ona, who had once gone about singing like a bird."
I was originally going to comment on a different quote, but this quote just made me so sad that I had to reflect on it. I chose the HOHAM connection, not because I have experienced anything similar, but because of how sad it made me. This whole book is just getting more and more depressing. It started out with the wedding, and with happiness and believing in the American dream. I felt that this quote really showed just how close they were to giving up on everything. I sing constantly, I know some of you guys have gotten annoyed with me because of it before, but my terrible singing makes me happy. I would have to fall into an extremely deep hole of depression to stop my singing. Ona has fallen into that hole. It is extremely sad to watch as the characters give up, and I'm not exactly sure I'm looking forward to the future of this book, just because of how depressing its already starting to get.
"Jurgis, being a man, had troubles of his own. There was another specter following him. He had never spoken of it, nor would he allow any one else to speak of it--he had never acknowledged its existence to himself. Yet the battle with it took all the manhood that he had--and once or twice, alas, a little more. Jurgis had discovered drink." Chapter 14.
Significance: This quote is very significant in the sense that Jugis has started a new phase in his life. He has now felt the power of alcohol, and it is not good. Jugis is struggling and needed a way to deal with everything thats going on. He does not want to accept that fact that he has turned to drinking and constantly battles with the urge to drink more and more. this quote is saying how on top of all the struggles and hard times that they share as a family and as poor working class people Jurgis also has to deal with his own, personal trouble. Alcohol. Always there calling his name and taunting him, drawing him in to drink more and more. THen once he gives in, its like a relief, all the pain has gone away and all the stress and he just drink his troubles away.
"The blood was pounding in his brain like an engine's throbbing; there was a frightful pain in the top of his skull, and he could hardly control his hands. Still, with the memory of his four months' siege behind him, he fought on, in a frenzy of determination" pg. 138
Integrity/Self-Advocacy: Once again I am amazed by the existence of both self-advocacy and integrity that is exhibited by Jurgis throughout the book. Jurgis took on work that is clearly harming his health, but chooses to work hard because he knows that his family needs him. This is a perfect example of integrity because Jurgis is making serious sacrifices to ensure that all of his families needs are taken care of.
Ona had not been home that night! And it had been bitter and cold, and a foot of snow. Jurgis sat up with a start. Marija was crying with fright, and the children was wailing in sympathy.
I find this significant, because even though she works day and night, and it is still impossible for her to survive and her family, and enough money to survive. and i find this crazy because, that means if none of them not can make enough money, then it is impossible for none of the workers.
"Here was a population, low-class and mostly foreign, hanging always on the verge of starvation, and dependent for its opportunities of life upon the whim of men every bit as brutal and unscrupulous as the old-time slave drivers; under such circumstances immorality was exactly as inevitable, and as prevalent, as it was under the system of chattel slavery."
Connection: A lot of these circumstances are still the same now and days, a lot of countries have a lot of families that suffer this so called "system". I say I connect to it just because it makes me think of unprivileged people, and I have seen this in person, and maybe many people have. But I saw the strength through writing in this paragraph/quote.
"Yet the soul of Ona was not dead--the souls of none of them were dead, but only sleeping; and now and then they would waken, and these were cruel times."Chp. 14.(about 2/5 of the way in)
This quote truly shows what was happening after the first year of living in the industrialized America. We see the people starting to wake up from the dreams of a wonderful life style to this cruel world with no signs of mercy. This quote I fell can be a sign of what is to become of our favorite couple. This can go up or down from here but knowing the background of the story it will most likely go down and down until there is nothing left.
"There was no place for the men to wash their hands before they ate their dinner, and so they made a practice of washing them in the water that was to be ladled into the sausage."
This quote ties up with significance because it's showing how unsanitary everything was and how unclean people were. People were eating this disgusting meat and not realizing how it was being treated and where it's been. This makes me wonder if the workers in the factory were eating this and giving this to there family. Now days if meat was being treated like this, factories would be getting shut down and people would be losing there jobs.
Quote: "These rats were nuisances, and the packers would put poisoned bread out for them; they would die, and then rats, bread, and meat would go into the hoppers together."
Perspectives: I chose perspective because through my view I found it really unnecessary to put all the meat together that the rats have ben eating on, water dripping all over it from the roofs, the poisoned bread would even go into it, and the men's hand's touching the meat after they got rat dung all over. They didn't even hesitate to through the dead rats in the hoppers as well. There was no place to wash their hands except the water that landed in the sausage. so they ate with all the gross meat on their hands. If life was like that today and people still didn't know about it I think life would have been a lot different and way more unsanitary.
I agree with Alura, like how you said people still these days are unprivileged a lot of the times, and were all individuals.
Nice John, I think it's true America is not a dream and people have to realize that is isn't. We got a lot of problems in America and were not perfect.
The fertilizer works of Durham’s lay away from the rest
of the plant. Few visitors ever saw them, and the few who
did would come out looking like Dante, of whom the
peasants declared that he had been into hell.
HOHAM - Self-Advocacy (and some immortality)
And Jurgis works there, Daily! He knows that he has to take whatever job he can in order to help feed his family. He knows how unsanitary these jobs are and what goes into the food but he has no choice but to keep marching on. I bet that he would march straight into hell and drag the souls of the rats back up so they can be made into sausage if the boss told him to.
It was not for himself that he suffered— what did a man who worked in Durham's fertilizer mill care about anything that the world might do to him! What was any tyranny of prison compared with the tyranny of the past, of the thing that had happened and could not be recalled, of the memory that could never be effaced!
Sinclair, Upton (2013-08-13). The Jungle (Illustrated) (Kindle Locations 2590-2592). . Kindle Edition.
This quote shows perspective, in that jurgis, after surviving the fertilizer plant, could not know any worse trial than what he had been through. through it, he sees that he is one of the least lucky people in the world.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.