"He had nearly three hundred dollars in the bank, and might have considered himself entitled to a vacation; but he had an easy job, and force of habit kept him at it. Besides, Mike Scully, whom he consulted, advised him that something might "turn up" before long." Chapter 26 of The Jungle
Connection: Just by looking at this quote alone, it seems that Jurgis still does have money...or at least enough to live in luxury. But to compare this amount to a modern amount of what $300 is worth, one would be extremely poor if they only had that much to live off of. This just goes to show that in general, money value changes throughout time and Jurgis here, seems to be on the side of optimism when he thinks of only relaxing - just like someone in the current time.
I'm making a connection of this quote here with a modern day situation. People nowadays can be very ignorant with their money and only think of the present - like what Jurgis seems to be doing now. It's understandable to be happy to acquire enough money for leisure, but like he's told, he must always be prepared for something to come up, just like someone in this current society. Both Jurgis and a modern citizen choose to only focus on the present and not looking out for themselves in the future. Not that Jurgis won't ever be cautious that is.
I do agree with you on the money comparison. How has Jurgis' greed for money change him as a person? Should he just save and live a happy life or do something more?
Good job Brianna! I agree with you on the point that Jurgis still is very poor no matter what he obtains (because he spends it on alcohol), but I was a little lost on the money comparison. I do understand your point, but not entirely sure how it connected directly to the reading. Overall though, awesome job!
Good post Brianna! I liked how you connected the book with the present day and how people with more tend to work less. However, I do think the hunger of Jurgis' ambition never really went away. He is always stuck on survival mode.
It definantly feels like he is more poor than he really is. My grandpa said that when he was a kid that a few pennies then was like a dollar now, and this book is in an even earlier time
I do agree with you but I also feel like Jurgis was just day dreaming about a vacation but in all reality he likes to save his money. Do you think people in modern day save their money or spend it on non necessities? What so you think is the smarter choice?
I sort of agree with you, although there is certainly something to be said about living in the future. There is a quote that would be perfect for you, it goes something like this: Live in the present but think of the future.
"And so Jurgis got a glimpse of the high class criminal world of CHicago. The city, which was owned by an oligarchy of business men, being nominally ruled by the people, a huge army of graft was necessary for the purpose of effecting the transfer of power."
Supposition & Perspective: I think Jurgis' eyes have been opened to the reality of the world around him. Sinclair directly addresses Jurgis' view of the government workings in this quote and Jurgis expresses his dissatisfaction with the current authorities. It's interesting to see his perspective change from hope that they will do him justice, to expecting and preparing for the worst. He sees politicians as clever, scheming liars. I chose supposition because I think this view of the government is going to affect Jurgis' actions towards authority later on. I don't think he will remain subservient forever while he is aware of the injustice. His perspective has changed. I am anxious to see how it all plays out in the end.
Splendid post! I completely agree with you. I am so sad that he has changed so much.
I also completely agree with you, but it is sad how much he has changed. People will either grow in a negative way, or in a positive way. I believe that society is who to blame.
Excellent article! You portrayed the HOHAMs in an intellectual fashion, especially when applied to the quote.
Great reflection! I agree with you about being anxious to see what happens next!
I think that you bring up an interesting thing here. After living in Chicago for over three years, his perspective changes and he sees how corrupt and dishonest the world around him is.
I completely agree with you when you say Jurgis' perspective has changed so much.
Looking at the other comments I feel the need to point out that although his original way of thinking may have made him a happier person, being naive did not make his situation better and I can't help but think that this knowledge and wisdom is good for him.
"Jurgis could not see what help he could be to him; but he did not understand that a man like himself--who could be trusted to stand by any one who was kind to him--was as rare among criminals as among any other class of men." - Chapter 25
I choose supposition for this journal entry. After I read this quote my heart shattered. I was so shocked by Jurgis becoming a criminal. He came to America a kind, moral man and became a criminal. I just can't believe what he has become. He has turned to the dark side and seems to have given up hope. I had so much belief in this character. I kept saying to myself, "He will make it. Jurgis can do this. He won't end up doing something awful." But now I cannot say that to myself anymore. Throughout the book there has been ups and downs. Jurgis would find a job, someone dies, would end up in jail and his wife dies. Then he would gain a good amount of money and then squander it. I believe that it will still have that same pattern. Upton Sinclair wanted to show people how life really is. It is not all rainbows and unicorns. It is hard reality. When he became a criminal there was good pay. But he was regretful of his actions. Sadly, he knew he had to do it to survive this dreadful life. I am still closely attached to this one character but I know that in the end he will do something so unforgivable or just give up. He has been so strong since the beginning and I don't think he should give up now. His strength against all of this unfavorable events has changed him as a person. I am appalled at how different Jurgis is now from what he was in the very beginning. He started as a loving man with hope for both him and his family's new life in America. Jurgis is now a harsh man who sees everything so much more differently. It breaks my heart to see him like this, in such a poor state. I really want something great to happen to him. Maybe he can fall in love again or find his family. I do know that Jurgis will never be the same person again. That is one thing I am sure about. This man has a lot of character. He has gained and loss many things. He has learned from his mistakes both mentally and physically. In the end I suppose he will do something to strike people. If Jurgis is going to go, he will go with a big bang.
Great job Rachel! I 100% agree with you and was dumbfounded when Jurgis decided that the only way to survive was to be a criminal. I really like the part where you say Upton Sinclair was trying to show its not all Rainbows and Unicorns, that was a very accurate statement and I can see that perspective very clearly. Once again, Awesome job!
Very interesting quote you chose, I like the way you really elaborated on your analysis for this. Yeah, I died a little too when Jurgis got that reputation. :(
Fantastic post! Lots of observant statements and interesting ideas.
I too was very surprised with jurgis's decisions towards the end-I thought he would succeed and he let me down ;-;
“or a second Jurgis waited, expecting to see him turn again. "My ninety-nine dollars," he said.
"What ninety-nine dollars?" demanded the bartender.
"My change!" he cried—"the rest of my hundred!"
"Go on," said the bartender, "you're nutty!”
Connection: I choose this HOHAM because I can really relate to Jurgis in this situation. Not in the sense that I get robbed, but that he can't catch a break. I know exactly how he feels in this situation and just feeling like everything goes wrong for you. Jurgis just got a significant amount of money, and he lost it all and got to go to jail. What's next? This man has been through so much in such a short period of time it is incredible for him to still have the will to live. I think that connecting with Jurgis is hard to do, but I think that here it was easy because we all have experienced some time where things just can't go right for you and you feel like you have this "evil curse" so to speak. I hope things get better for Jurgis now that he isn't in the same area of Chicago.
Nice connection you made to your life. It seems that whenever something good comes to Jurgis, something bad always follows.
Really thought out quotes! I enjoyed how you related it to yourself and made it personal.
Great post! I agree, I feel like nothing ever goes right for Jurgis. At the same time, it doesn't feel fake in the book. Times were hard for everyone. In a way, Jurgis was actually strangely luckier than most packing men. He always bounces back a little despite horrific loses.
Great points and connection, you connected well to the text.
It's a case of us or the other fellow, and I say the other fellow, every time," he observed.
I see this as evidence. Evidence about the true nature of people. At first Jurgis believed in everyone having a happy life in America. He sooned realized that people did not have the same mentality as him. They are self centered and only look out for themselves. What other choice does he have other than to become one of them. He started by distancing himself from his friends, then family then eventually living on his own. People still were able to cheat him, steal from him and bring him to a life of poverty. He was left with the only choice, to steal from others. He did it feeling very little regret because he had become so used to it from others that he himself had become what he at first had despised.
I think that you really got the gist out of this very important quote, Erik. Props to you.
I totally agree! As Ryan said, you really did capture the meaning of this quote in your own words. Glad to be on the same page.
You picked a really great quote I like all of the thought and detail you put into explaining it.
"...and there are not merely rivers of hot blood and carloads of moist flesh, and rendering-vats and soup cauldrons, glue-factories and fertilizer tanks, that smelt like the craters of hell there are also tons of garbage festering in the sun, and the greasy laundry of the workers hung out to dry and dining rooms littered with food black with flies, and toilet rooms that are open sewers." 26
For this quote I choose to use Perspective. I wonder what it was like to be working in those condition at that time. It boggles my mind that these people were forced to work in such horrid working conditions for also such little pay, also that in some work forces, the working conditions are completely un-ethical even today. If this book wasn't written, how long would it take for sanitation laws to be put into place for the meat packing industry?
I agree with you! It's interesting how people were forced to work in horrible conditions and getting little pay, I wonder what it would be like if our society were like that.
I agree. I can't even begin to imagine living in such conditions. I also wonder how much of the sanitation and worker's rights issues are actually fixed? It would be interesting to contrast this book with how today's meat packing industry looks like.
Great post! Nice use of supposition (intentional or not) at the end.
"And he pulled out from somewhere a big roll of bills. It was more money than Jurgis had ever seen in his life before, and he stared at it with startled eyes."
This quote stuck out to me not necessarily because he saw a great amount of money, but he witnessed something he had never thought he would before. When Jurgis enters the world of thievery, he realizes that he gets more out of it, rather than following the "American values." He makes a lot more money rather than if he were getting paid by wages. This can be relatable to anyone regardless of where they come from. When you think about it, now a days people are always looking for easier ways to make money, regardless of the people they are hurting. Its all about "survival of the fittest" which may seem crazy, but people have adapted it as a lifestyle. Back then, people couldn't survive off of morals, you needed to be smart and quick to get by or else you'll end up loosing everything slowly. We see this when Jurgis when he began to loose his family, and now his humanity.
Nice choice Karen!! I liked how you chose a connection that we have all seen examples of. I do agree that these days, people want to make alot of money but by the working the least amount they have to. Its sad though.
"He had gotten used to being a master of men; and because of the stifling heat ad the stench, and the fact that he was a "scab" and knew it and despised himself, he was drinking."
Here in this quote, I believe Jurgis was at a new lowest point. He was so moral, responsible, and caring when he first came to America. I chose the HOHAM integrity because I think Jurgis lost some of his. While working as a "scab" he lost the respect of his peers and himself. He didn't care about the other factory workers to the point where he broke their strike. He wasn't thinking about how this would affect their rights and futures. He only thought about his ambitions and motives. Throughout the book, the readers can see Jurgis deteriorating. With such devastating loses and hardships, I can easily understand Jurgis' apathetic attitude about others. However, I still feel sad for the current emptiness in his life. He may be making more money now than at the beginning of book but I think his family made him richer.
Your article raised excellent points about Jurgis accepting his new fate. It would be interesting if you would draw comparisons between the Jurgis from the start of the book and the Jurgis of the now.
“Since it was Jurgis’s first experience, these details naturally caused him some worriment,” Page 261 (Barnes & Noble Classics Edition), Chapter 25.
Integrity: The quote is describing Jurgis’s reaction to learning the injuries of his mugging victim. I chose to analyze the quote through the Habit of Heart “integrity”, or the lack thereof. This quote really illustrates Jurgis’s transformation during his time in America. Jurgis was pure and hopeful when he first arrived in America. Now, after giving up on being a “working man” due to his witnessing of the woes of the strenuous manual labor in Packingtown, Jurgis has resorted to relying of criminal activities to support himself. Over time, Jurgis’s integrity has been been gradually lessening. I hope that Jurgis can strengthen his integrity before his tale ends.
I mentioned this on Sophia's post that Jurgis is trying to fit in with a different crowd and he doesn't belong. I think we can relate this to modern society where people try to fit in with a different group despite their mega differences.
"He had already inquired of Aniele, and learned that Elzbieta and her family had gone downtown, and so he gave no further thought to them." - Chapter 27
Supposition: Here I find it heartbreaking that Jurgis is so easily giving up his old life for some "congenial" friends in politics. He thinks he is so fancy with his new clothes and pay check that he forgets the ones he once loved and cared about. My supposition was that Jurgis's new found joy with power would not last very long, and I was right. Later in the same chapter, we see Jurgis digging himself in a hole he can not easily come out of.
I agree, I think its sad to see such a bad change in Jurgis.
This is interesting. We keep seeing the same patterns in Jurgis. He makes a lot of money, then he spends it on alcohol or other unnecessary things. He is doing this with his feelings and outlook on life as well. He comes into happiness and instead of investing it and growing it, he wastes it away and moves on from it -- forcing himself to start over.
"He had nearly three hundred dollars in the bank, and might have considered himself entitled to a vacation; but he had an easy job, and force of habit kept him at it. Besides, Mike Scully, whom he consulted, advised him that something might “turn up” before long." (Pg. 220)
At this point, Jurgis is just coming out of large drop in the roller coaster that is his life- his imprisonment from the result of trying to get change for a $100 dollar bill- and has now hit one of the top points of the entire story. Despite the negative happenings at the end of chapter 26, Jurgis has got to be really enjoying his new job, at least I would. In this quote it describes how he made $300 from the election for encouraging immigrants to vote for the republican party. He got here from his ladder of crime that he began to climb after being imprisoned again.
I think this is Upton Sinclair's way of showing that the only way to succeed in a town ridden with thieves, swindlers, and cheats, is to be one yourself. Throughout the book, Jurgis is slowly and reluctantly learning this lesson. In the book, Jurgis has never made as much money as he was at this point. If he hadn't beaten Conner again then he would have had the potential to be much more successful through his thievery.
What I also think is interesting is how Sinclair feels about depicting the Unions in the negative light in the way he does. It seems the way he describes them they are full of corruption and are the means to defeat the political system. Perhaps he acknowledges the "fighting fire with fire" connotations to the situation?
Nobody can beat the system. The only way to survive in Packingtown is to join the criminal scum, to become one with the bloated parasite that has infected society. This quote perfectly exemplifies that theme, methinks.
"Since it was Jurgis's first experience, these details naturally caused him some worriment ; but the other laughed coolly--it was the way of the game.."
Integrity/Significance: Here Jurgis commits his first crime that results in the harm of another person. He recognized that they harmed an innocent person and feels regret where Duane starts to convince him otherwise. This is were his morality starts to crumble as he becomes integrated into the criminal world. With no family to anchor his sense of right, he easily falls into the crowd of criminals and adopts their lifestyles, much like how the children had started to become like their environment. This is significant because Jurgis will no longer do what's right but what benefits him, much like the people he had hated with passion.
I agree with you. This is definitely when Jurgis starts to loose his sense of morality and is going down the wrong path. Great analysis:)
I reflected on an extremely similar quote and I totally agree with you that this is where he morally looses himself. He is now a criminal and it is extremely sad to watch him crumble.
"It's a case of us or the other fellow, and I say the other fellow every time," he observed.
"Still," said Jurgis, reflectively, "he never did us any harm."
"He was doing it to someone else as hard as he could, you can be sure of that," said his friend.
This passage is an example of Integrity, for it shows that despite Jurgis turning to a life of crime, he is no more criminal than those he robs. In the case of the insurance agent, the newspaper states that he lost one hundred and ten dollars that did not belong to him. However, it is likely that this insurance agent was akin to the realtors which Jurgis had to deal with in the past, i.e. imposing assorted restrictions and fees. While it is still a tragedy that one must turn to a life of crime to earn pay in Chicago, it is necessary for survival. All the corporation owners are criminals themselves; the thieves like Jurgis simply steal less.
I think this brings up a really awesome point! Mostly that, at the time, not being a criminal was a rare thing... Even if someone's never done something directly to you, you can almost be sure that he's still a criminal because that is what it took to get by in these times.
"I see," said his honor; "I guess that will do. You ought to stop drinking if you can't control yourself. Ten days and cost. Next case."
In my perspective, I don't think that jurgis didn't deserve to be sent to prison, or blamed for that matter. He was cheated out of $100, and that's worth a lot back then. Though he made a poor choice to attack the bartender, the bartender should also have been held acountable for trying to cheat out jurgis. It's sad that the wealthy are the ones who get a better advantage over the poor, even in legal cases. I also find it sad that jurgis turns to a life of crime after this, and I guess that that after all of this, it would only make sense for someone to go crazy, and ultimatly turn against the people, and government.
I agree, I don't think it is right of the wealthy to have the advantage in everything just because they are wealthy. Also it is very sad that Jurgis turned to a life of crime after this:(
It seems that life for jurgis is unfair and a spirally downward. He can not catch a break and I like the perspective you made
"It seemed monstrous to him that policemen and judges should esteem his word as nothing in comparison with the bartender's…" Chapter 25
Connection: I can connect with this quote in the way that someone of higher authority to you can just say your side of the story is nothing. Often times if I get in trouble or rather one of my siblings gets in trouble, my parents almost always believe my side of the story because I am the more trustworthy of all my brothers. So it is usually irrelevant when my brothers say what happened because my parents just brush it aside and don't believe them. Like Jugis presenting his side of the story and what happened in the bar to the judge in court, the policeman story is always what the judge will believe because he seems to be the more trustworthy person rather than some poor guy. The police were in fact paid $5 weekly for favors and such from the bartender, but in court the judge would just ignore what Jurgis says and believe whatever the police say. So in my house I would be like the police, my parents the court/judge and my brothers would be the poor people like Jurgis.
I really like your connection... I think everyone has experienced one side of the story being believed more before.
"All right," said the other, "I'll change it." And he put the bill in his pocket, and poured Jurgis out a glass of beer, and set it on the counter. Then he turned to the cash register, and punched up five cents, and began to pull money out of the drawer. Finally, he faced Jurgis, counting it out—two dimes, a quarter, and fifty cents. "There," he said.
For a second Jurgis waited, expecting to see him turn again. "My ninety-nine dollars," he said.
"What ninety-nine dollars?" demanded the bartender.
"My change!" he cried—"the rest of my hundred!"
"Go on," said the bartender, "you're nutty!"
For this journal entry I am choosing the hohams integrity and connection. Integrity, because jurgis's is fading away. At the beginning of the book I saw him as a man with incredible integrity, very honest, and collected. I thought he'd barely make enough money in the end but still survive. In the middle I realized he really wanted to succeed and was making such an effort to climb higher in the industry. Now, he has turned to a shady and sketchy life of crime, to try to make a little more money. I think it was kinda like karma when he didn't get the change back. Maybe he didn't deserve it anyways. I chose connection because I know what it's like to be scammed for a lot of money too. It feels terrible, and I can understand why he went ape&@$! After. All I can suggest is to be very careful buying/selling things online-and jurgis would probably be one of them if the Internet was around then. He has truest disappointed me-I really thought he had it in him to make it to the top fair and square.
Really great analysis, Rilind! :) I completely agree on the subject of Jurgis' integrity being peeled away from his being. The scene you quoted is a really great example to analyze Jurgis.
“A month ago Jurgis had all but perished of starvation upon the streets; and now suddenly, as by the gift of a magic key, he had entered into a world where money and all the good things of life came freely.”
I chose perspective because for Jurgis this is a whole new world. For his entire life he has known nothing but poverty and now he has something completely alien, enough money to buy some good food and a place to stay that isn't dirty and packed with other people. For him this is an entirely different side of the world and he has no idea what to do with it. His first reaction it seems is to drink himself into nothing and that is where we really see what Jurgis has become because instead of helping his loved ones or even trying to do better for himself he wastes it all trying to forget his troubles.
I didn't even think that he could be helping his family with all of the money that he has been making! He could be sharing his wealth and making everyone's life better, but instead, he is wasting his earnings like he is wasting his integrity. It seems as though his entire perspective on life and his whole person has changed entirely. He no longer wants to work hard for living and live to work hard. He just thinks he can skate by in life.. and the sad thing is, he can.
"Already they had hired a big hall, with some of the brewer's money, and every night Jurgis brought in a dozen new members of the 'Doyle Republican Association.' ... the little speech which one of Scully's henchmen had written..." Ch. 25
Jurgis is now using Unlimited Potential. However, he is using it unwisely. In his new line of work he is showing that he is "purpose driven, demands rigor, dedicated and determined, motivated, is open to possibilities."
Jurgis, although not in a good - moraled area in his life, is showing unlimited potential. He is working hard. He is open to new ideas and going for them. He is basically "using his powers for evil and darkness instead of good." He is working for the enemy, yet he shows amazing workmanship. It seems as though he has given up on everything in his life. He is throwing in the towel on his morals and he is shutting out his conscience. It seems as though this would be an easier life in that sense: you have easy jobs handed to you, and you don't have to ask yourself if you are doing the right thing ... because you are not.
He is also showing a lack of integrity. Jurgis is being a hypocrite when gathering votes. He is doing the exact thing that he thought was immoral at the beginning of the book.
I think it's super interesting that you brought up the fact that you can use Unlimited Potential unwisely! I've never thought of that before but it's a cool (but really not cool) thought.
"Before long Jurgis would think no more of it than they did in the yards of knocking out a bullock. "It's a case of us or the other fellow, and I say the other fellow, every time," he observed."
The HOHAM I chose to reflect on is perspective. Jurgis's perspective has changed so much since the beginning of the book, from wanting to be a family man, to committing crimes. And At first he even felt bad about the crimes, was worrying about the victims, but his perspective changed once more, and committing crimes was no problem for him. It makes me extremely sad to watch as his character and moral disappears. He used to be someone that you could look up to, and now he's just a criminal. So many things have affected this change in perspective that it's almost understandable, but I just wish Jurgis could have been stronger, and could have stayed a better man.
I think that you bring up something very true here. Since the beginning of the book, where he was a respectable, hard-working man, his conscience and morals have been pushed aside. The rest of Chicago was full of immoral cheats and scoundrels who cheated the poor or naïve out of their money, so Jurgis may have been influenced by that as well.
"He would [...] approach every likely-looking person who passed him, telling his woeful story and pleading for a nickel or a dime. Then when he got one, he would dart round the corner and return to his base to get warm; and his victim, seeing him do this, would go away, vowing that he would never give a cent to a beggar again. The victim never paused to ask where else Jurgis could have gone under the circumstances--where he, the victim, would have gone."
I chose to relate this quote to perspective. The 'victims' see Jurgis enter a saloon and instantly assume he has gone to drink away the money he had been given. However, the saloon offered warmth, cheap meals, and companionship. The people fail to see it from the perspective of a beggar trying to stretch the few cents he had as far as he could.
I think that his quote is a spectacular example of perspective, and the divide between Jurgis and the people giving him money out of charity. Never having been in a position as desperate or as dire as his, the people giving him their spare change find it 'nigh impossible to relate to him. They come from two different worlds, worlds that don't mix, like oil and water.
“He had gotten used to being a master of men; and because of the stifling heat and the stench, and the fact that he was a 'scab' and knew it and despised himself, he was drinking, and developing a villainous temper, and he stormed and cursed and raged at his men, and drove them until they were ready to drop with exhaustion.”
Significance: I think that this is a significant moment in Jurgis' life because he has become the very thing he so despised. In the beginning of the story when he first got his job shoveling guts, the bosses who ran the killing-beds urged and yelled for the men to work faster and faster, and didn't care if a man slipped and cut his hand or twisted his ankle. Now Jurgis has become that very same force, raging and cursing his men to work harder and faster, becoming resented and hated by his men, just as he had resented his boss. A connection I found to this was in the cartoon Avatar: The Last Airbender. At one point in the story, a teenager named Jet, whose parents had been killed by the Fire Nation (main antagonistic country in the story), swore revenge on them. Jet proceeded to attack Fire Nation troops, and plotted to flood a an Earth Kingdom village that Fire Nation soldiers were occupying, which would wipe out not only the soldiers but all of the innocent people as well. Just like Jurgis, through hardship and struggle Jet tried to commit the same atrocities that the force had so despised had done. For Jurgis, things were turning up; he had money, a good job, and friends in high places who could help him in times of need. But he is still alone.
Really great HOHAm to use for this quote and scenario in the book. The quote you chose illustrated nicely on how you analyzed the passage. :)
“Since it was Jurgi’s first experience, these details naturally caused him some worriment; but the other laughed coolly-it was the way of the game, and there was no helping it. Before long Jurgis would think no more of it than they did in the yards of knocking out a bullock. “It’s a case of us or the other fellow, and I say the other fellow, every time,” he observed.
I chose perspective for this quote because Jurgis came to America to change his life around and in the book it seems like it gets worse. So he takes the criminal life for a try and in the book before this quote he did his first mugging but when he reads it in the newspaper the next day he feels worried and sad. The difference between Jurgis and the other guys is that they had a different perspective on the newspaper article and the crime, Jurgis was sad and the guys were laughing about it. The other guys don’t have those feelings and don’t know if Jurgis will ever be like them even if he becomes more and more like them he has a good soul.
I think that this is something that we can relate to in modern society. Jurgis was trying something new and tried to join a different group. Often times in modern society people try to fit in with certain groups despite their differences.
"And so Jurgis got a glimpse of the high-class criminal world of Chicago." Ch. 25
This time around I chose significance. The reason I picked this one was because in this chapter Jurgis joins the "dark side" or the criminal life. I decided that one, it was a pretty significant part of the book, but also I felt like the reason for the choice of crime life was significant. When Jurgis lost his $100 solely to the corrupt government and power in the city he felt like he had to steal back. Because of the backwards ways in the city Jurgis foind himself doing the one thing he couldn't never see himself doing. He probably never would of thought to steal in his home country, the thought probably never crossed his mind while arriving in America. This city can push people to extremes. That is the significance to the corrupt ways of Chicago in the time of Industrial Revolution.
Great quote! I certainly agree with you on this. I think sometimes when you are overly attached to something, it becomes obsessive.
Quote: “He brought fifteen dollars with him, hidden away in one of his shoes, in a sum which had been saved from the saloon-keepers, not so much by his conscience, as by the fear which filled him by the thought of being out of work in the city in the winter time”.
Connection. This was possibly for me to connect with, to the real world. It reminded me of how unfair the world is, when it gets to money, like The Top 1 Percent Of Americans Own Half Of The Country’s Stocks, Bonds, and Mutual Funds. It is not only money this is related to, also 1,2 billions people on the earth, have less than one dollar a day to live of.
I like the points you bring up, they really make the quote stand out more.
Great connection! Very interesting facts, however, try expanding more about what you wrote and possibly connect it to you life some how :)
I really like how you connected this to yourself! The points you were stating really brought your quote out. Good job!
'All day long the blazing midsummer sun beat down upon that square mile of abominations: upon tens of thousands of cattle crowded into pens whose wooden floors stank and steamed contagion; upon bare, blistering, cinder-strewn railroad tracks, and huge blocks of dingy meat factories..."
HOHAM: Perspective. This descriptive passage from Chapter 26 portrays how awful it is to work in such a physical environment in which the Packingtown laborers are forced to live in. I believe that this helps explain why Jurgis found prison so preferable. His perspective on Packingtown was worse than going to JAIL. So he became a criminal, and started making easy money by looting other people.
The passage also shows Sinclair's physical description with his desire to shock and disgust his readers. He talks about the disgusting filth and general unbearableness of Packingtown, by using images of “floors that stank and steamed contagion”
I agree, Sinclair wants us readers to feel surprised and keep us on alert when reading. He doesn't want use to think that Jurgis is going to settle down and start having a nice life. He wants us to see how life was back then, where anything can happen. His descriptive ways also portray life back then and have us readers get a better sense of how it was. Very good point.
"All of these agencies of corruption were banded together, and leagued in blood brotherhood with the politician and the police; more often than not they were one and the same person,--the police captain would own the brothel he pretended to raid, and the politician would open his headquarters in his saloon."
Connection: I feel as if this connects to our world today. There is much corruption in poltics and the military/law enforcement in our world today. The movie "The Whistleblower" (2010) is a great example of curruption of law enforcment. Granted to movie is about corruption in the UN, it is still a very potent example of where else does corruption lie in our government system today. Jurgis is just making a lot of ...unique... choices in his life style that I feel he never would have made in his earlier years. I have heard many quips on politics such as "Whatever you do, just don't get involved in politics." Jurgis probably hasn't had anyone tell him that before. He is now seeing the corruption in the enforcement agencies but doesn't seem to be connecting any of that to the past, his past.
"There was universal exultation over this triumph of popular government, this crushing defeat of an arrogant plutocrat by the power of the common people."
The sarcasm dripping from this quote is almost palpable. I think that integrity, or a significant lack thereof, depending on how you look at it, is show here. Everything is fake, everything is bought. Jurgis has gone from being a tramp and a beggar to working for the criminal network that killed his family, and making good cash off of it too. He has stopped trying to fight the system, stopped trying to make a decent and honest way in the world. He's one of the gang now, he's taking advantage of the new immigrants, just like he was once taken advantage of. There is no justice, there is no system for good in Chicago. Everything is corrupt, everything is rotten to the very core, and it corrupts and rots whatever it touches as well. There are two different worlds, parallel universes operating on the same plane. It's sickening when you look at the system that lets such a bloated parasite of humanity continued to grow and prosper. Then again, when you look at that parasite, you can see, it's not made up of 'evil' men. It's the poor and the downtrodden, the lost and the hopeless, those who have no where else to go. Men like Jurgis, who have lost everything, and are just looking for another way to survive. Jugis and his fellows form the backbone of the parasite, they're the reason that the packers and the gang-bosses still exists. There is nothing more dangerous than a desperate man with nothing to lose. Though the immigrants may think they have struck a blow for victory, though the downtrodden packers may taste freedom and change on the wind, we are allowed a glimpse as to what really happened, the corruption that really took place.
Great analysis! Your word choice paints a detailed picture of the corruption in Packingtown (a bloated parasite of humanity), fascinating! I also thought it was interesting how he had become the one taking advantage of the immigrants, and I wondered if any of them would be put in his position in the future.
"Jurgis had thought of little but his family; but now he was free to listen to these men, and to realize that he was one of them--that their point of view was his point of view, and that the way they kept themselves alive in the world was the way he meant to do it in the future."
Perspective: This expresses a huge change in Jurgis perspective. Jurgis had come from a family man with good job to a man who has lost his family and is a bum. He thinks in jail the only way he can get by and survive in the real world is stay a criminal. This is expressed in the chapters when he makes robs a man. In this quote is says he thinks bout his family, this shows he misses them but he can not do anything about it and he must do whatever he has to do to make it. I think in the future after reading chapter 26 he will be jailed again for his actions. This is how his perspective has changed.
Really great point. I think the fact that he thinks being a criminal is the only way to survive really shows the severity of the situation.
“‘But how can I get a job in Packingtown? I’m blacklisted.’ At which ‘Bush’ Harper laughed. ‘I’ll attend to that all right,’ he said.”
Significance/Supposition: This quote represents a major turning-point in the book. Jurgis has given up on trying follow rules, and work to support himself. He has now come in contact with one of the most powerful men in Packingtown, and advocating for him in the elections so that he can have a job. Jurgis used to try to support a family with his small earnings at work, however now he has a real job and is getting paid on top of that to support the Republican candidate for election. If this hadn’t happened, Jurgis could still be living on the streets. He may not even be living at this point. However, all the money he will earn will be spent just as fast. He can not help himself from alcohol.
Quote: "There is one kind of prison where the man is behind bars, and everything that he desires is outside; and there is another kind where things are behind bars, and the man is outside."
Perspective: I think that there are two different meanings or perspectives of this quote. Jurgis has been in both positions of this quote. He has been poor on the streets with a family to feed and working long days. Looking up to those with wealth and wanting to be in their position. He also been in jail where he looks out on the world and longs to be out on the streets. Now Jurgis has reached those heights of wealth earning 30 dollars a day. At one point he had 300 dollars, which was more then he could have asked for before when he was working long hours in the factory. However, despite Jurgis' new earned wealth he is still not quite as happy and still is ending up in jail due to his criminal activity. Jurgis' is in a never ending circle. He's outside of jail and he isn't quite happy and so he does stuff to put him in jail. Once he is in jail he wants to get out.
I agree, Jurgis is going back and forth between lifestyles, from a poor man on the streets to a wealthy man who is getting by good. One of the reasons to this back and forth lifestyles is due to the economy, but I also think its because of his alcohol problems and his tendency to commit crimes that cause him to go back to poverty.
I like this because getting to see both sides of your life is special. Knowing what's the rights choice can make everything in you life different and better. Even though everything may not be all better, it is getting better little by little.
"...Then Freddie gave a number on the Lake Shore Drive, and the carriage started away. The youngster leaned back and snuggled up to Jurgis, murmuring contentedly; in half a minute he was sound asleep, Jurgis sat shivering, speculating as to whether he might not still be able to get hold of the roll of bills. He was afraid to try to go through his companion's pockets, however; and besides the cabbie might be on the watch. He had the hundred safe, and he would have to be content with that."
Connection: I think that I can connect to what Jurgis was thinking in this scene. In this scene Jurgis goes to a drunk, rich mans home. The rich man gave him a hundred dollar bill from a roll of hundreds in the mans pocket. Jurgis has a chance to take to roll of money out of his pocket but he doesn't. I believe that Jugis was thinking ahead, of the consequences that might happen to him if he tried to steal the man's money. I know Jurgis defiantly does not want to go back to jail, especially with a broken arm and no money. I can connect to this because there have been many moments in my life where I had a chance to 'cheat' or get ahead but decided not to due to the possible consequences. I think that Jurgis is now showing some more responsibility and maturity and I think he will start to get better later on in the book.
I also connected to him not taking advantage of the man with his bundle of cash, though I disagree with you saying that he will start to get better later on in the book. I think this scene is symbolic of the last morally correct decision Jurgis makes (at least for awhile).
"It was quite marvelous to see what a difference twelve months had made in Packingtown—the eyes of the people were getting opened! The Socialists were literally sweeping everything before them that election."
The HOHAM I chose to represent this quote was perspective. The reason Upton Sinclair wrote this book was not what most people ended up taking away from it. This novel did wonders for the meat-packing industry as well as living conditions and unions but unfortunately, the one thing he wanted his book to portray was not as quickly understood or taken upon. He wanted to boast the strength of Socialism and the weakness of other governments. This quote towards the end of the book is a good idea of a main perspective he may have wanted his readers to gain. Socialism, according to Sinclair, completely changed the mood of Packingtown in an immensely beneficial way.
Great use of your HOHAM. I liked how you did not just focus on the good, but also included what the bad was. Next time try expanding a little more :)
And so Jurgis got a glimpse of the high-class criminal world of Chicago. The city, which was owned by an oligarchy of businessmen, being nominally ruled by the people, a huge army of graft was necessary for the purpose of effecting the transfer of power.
Self Advocacy/Perspective - After receiving the most money he has ever had in his life, Jurgis finally realized how important it was to be rich, especially in that time. He finds that it is much more effective being a criminal. He is being a self advocate for himself by adapting to this new life style. If he wants to make money, he has to make changes. When it comes to perspective, He knows that he can now make what he used to make in a year in one day. The only thing he has to work on is being smart with his earnings. He isn't used to being rich so he isn't sure how to manage his money very well. Now he is in a pickle because he is back at the bottom.
I like how you worded this and talk about how he can change his life to the good way, and still make money if he tries. If you try, good things will come.
I feel like Jurgis did self advocate to expand his earnings, but he disregarded having any integrity. Instead of standing up against the injustices he saw, he took part in them.
"Since it was Jurgis's first experience, these details naturally caused him some worriment ; but the other laughed coolly--it was the way of the game.."
This quote most definitely represents integrity and it does so in the worst way possible. Jurgis has now become so down on his luck that integrity is the least important thing in his life. He has lost his family, house, and way of life to this foreign monster so now all Jurgis cares about is making a better life for himself. Sinclair seems to be making a point through Jurgis's loss of integrity because as Jurgis becomes more and more involved in corruption, his life becomes better and better until Jurgis is as comfortable and wealthy as in any other part of the book. I think Sinclair is trying to say that the only way to suceed in the world of capitalism is to loss your integrity and assume a mindset similar to Jurgis's. A dog eat dog, do whatever it takes no matter the consequences kind of attitude.
I wholesomely disagree with what Sinclair is trying to say because integrity always has value, not matter the political or economic system. In the short term corruption and cheating can provide money and success but eventually your luck will run up. The laws are put in place so corrupt individuals will not find success. This is why historical figures such as "Honest Abe" are glorified while less ethical ones like Richard Nixon will go down in infamy.
Sorry, for some reason the post was submitted only partially done so here is the recreated second half..
“Jurgis and two policemen chased some men into a barroom ... Meantime Jurgis, who was of a practical temper, was helping himself at the bar; and the first policeman, who had laid out his man, joined him, handing out several more bottles, and filling his pockets besides, and then, as he started to leave, cleaning off all the balance with a sweep of his club ... but another policeman came up behind her and put his knee into her back and his hands over her eyes—and then called to his companion, who went back and broke open the cash drawer and filled his pockets with the contents .. These bricks and stones would figure in the accounts of the “riot” which would be sent out to a few thousand newspapers within an hour or two; but the episode of the cash drawer would never be mentioned again, save only in the heartbreaking legends of Packingtown,” (Sinclair 298). I thought that this quote was evidence of the sickening amount of corruption in chicago, and when I read it I couldn’t help but stare at the text in shock. The police, not to mention the politicians and judges, were--almost everyone of them--totally corrupt, viciously stealing from the people and the society that barely gets along as it is. The fact that a policeman would do such a thing as this, the fact that Jurgis had no fear of the police involving themselves in him stealing liquor, is just more evidence that the people of Packingtown were hellbent on stealing as much as they could from everyone. This quote made me realize that the system of government in place at Chicago was there purely to exploit the people, and it made me wonder what the other major, industrialized cities at the time were like. Were they all as horrible as Packingtown?
"For an instant horror reigned in him--black, paralyzing, awful horror, clutching him at the heart; and then came rage, in surging, blinding floods--he screamed aloud, and seized the glass and hurled it at the other's head."
This quote represented Significance for me. This was the feeling Jurgis felt right before he began the fight with the bartender that made a big difference for the future. This one fight that Jurgis got into made him get sent to jail once again. Jurgis felt pure anger when the bartender took his $100 and he couldn't do anything about this. I also connected with this because there has been a time where I have felt that amount of anger. When your fists begin to clench up and you just want to punch something but you try not to because it is going to hurt you in the future. And when no matter what you say or do you aren't going to get what you want because it is out of your control. I feel like this when I get into fights with my parents and I can't back talk so I just get super angry.
I felt angry when I was reading this passage of the story. It was so easy to predict that Jurgis would get swindled out of his money, yet he seemed totally oblivious. I wonder if most people would have reacted the same way as Jurgis did ($100 was a TON of money back then).
"...Jurgis leaped forward and shoved a revolver under his nose, while Duane, with his hat pulled over his eyes, went through the man's pockets with lightning fingers. They got his watch and his "wad," and were round the corner again and into the saloon before he could shout more than once."
Connection: Jurgis is no longer the man he once was. Before he was the one who cared and tried to seek the best for himself and the family. Jurgis is now throwing his life away because of what he's been through, although he's taking the wrong path. He thinks that being a criminal and living the life of one is the best way to live. In todays world some can face a situation like the one Jurigs is facing, becoming a lower person than who they were before, in order to survive. For example there is many factors on why people fall into prostitution, some do it because they need the money, and prostitution is an easy cash. Same as selling drugs. These people make these choices, and they think it's for the best, but it's not. Relating this back to the story, Jurigs could end up back in jail because of the choices he is making of living the thug life.
"And so Jurgis got a glimpse of the high-class criminal world of Chicago. The city which was owned by an oligarchy of business men, being nominally ruled by the people, a huge army of graft was necessary for the purpose of effecting the transfer of power...he had enter into a world where money and all the good things come freely..."
Perspective and Self Advocacy: This quote is perspective because Jurgis thought that Chicago was nothing after all the bad times he been through in his life. Now, Jurgis sees Chicago in a different view, stating that it is a "high-class criminal world" because it had everything: politicians, organizers, businessmen, etc. Jurgis also is taking every opportunity to do jobs which is also showing self advocacy. I feel like this quote is also shows that you will never be stuck in a bad place forever, and that opportunity knocks.
"A month ago Jurgis had all but perished of starvation upon the streets; and now suddenly, as by the gift of a magic key, he had entered into a world where money and all the good things of life came freely."
This quote lies between perspective and supposition. I think this can be a good point for most people in the world. People should really admire the things they do have instead of always hoping for the better. If you really want something you have to go out and do it like Jurgis did. He really makes his point in the story by moving to America and hoping for a better life but in reality it wasn't any better. This shows that he still tried even though his life didn't change much. Sometimes when things comes free to us we never learn anything by mistakes or by accomplishing something, we just take things for credit.
“Connor, the boss of the loading gang! The man who had seduced his wife—who had sent him to prison, and wrecked his home, ruined his life! He stood there, staring, with the light shining full upon him.”
It is sad to see Jurgis fall back into his heated rage that has come out at the worst of times. To me this could end up being a never ending loop were he gets out of jail does well then punches someone in the face. This can't lead to any thing good. Though this could help with a revolution because we all know that the angrier the people are the stronger the riot. This can create a full on war between the upper class with every one being a possible sell out to join them against the people who's spirits might be broken but still have that fighting spirt.
Quote: "There were a million and a half of men in the country looking for work, a hundred thousand of them right in Chicago; and were the packers to let the union stewards march into their places and bind them to a contract that would lose them several thousand dollars a day for a year?"
HOHAM: I chose unlimited potential, because you would need a lot of determination and patients if jobs are this hard to get. If a million people needed jobs and your one of them, your going to need to find a way and try really hard to get that job. This quote also reminds me of, if you love something that much, don't give up and keep on trying. Your going to want to motivate your self to continue what you love, and if you try hard enough you will get there.
Quote: “ ‘But how can I get a job in Packingtown? I’m blacklisted.’ "
Response: When Jurgis said this I immediately thought of the word persistence. Jurgis could have persisted in trying to getting a job in packing town, instead of complaining about it. In my life, if I was 'blacklisted' from something I loved I would persist until I was able to do said thing. I would not give up until I had accomplished what I wanted. In world war II the countries against Hitler persisted until they had won the war and saved thousands still alive in concentration camps. For Jurgis he needs a job for the money and to get his life back on track. It is easiest to do something you are already good at, such as Jurgis being good at his previous job at the factory. Jurgis should persist until he gets his old job back.
Quote: "floors that stank and steamed contagion” and “blistering... railroad tracks.”
Response: Perspective: Chapter 26 shows the rotting environment in Packington which forces workers to live in. This is why Jurgis finds jail more suitable to him. He breaks down the meat packing plant into the raw, disgusting elements of “rivers of hot blood” and “carloads of moist flesh.” This is does not only happen to the factories but to the workers and their neighborhoods/homes. They have dirty bathrooms and unsanitary clothing. I find this sad of how people can stand to live like this.
I like the perspective you talk about jail in I never saw it that way before.
"All that he told Jurgis was that he was now free, and that the best thing he could do was to clear out as quickly as possible" Chapter 26
Perspective: This entire experience has changed Jurgis's perspective, he is no longer the man he once was, full of hope. His personal life if not going in a good direction and its doesn't help that the society and other people only take advantage, don't believe, and push him around. I'm sure many people can relate to feeling of being unappreciated at one point in there life. Jurgis along with others often get so caught up, falling so deeply down the wrong path that they are left with no one to turn to and no where to go except far away.
Quote: "In the evenings there was no place for him to go except a bar-room... He had no home to go to; he had no affection left in his life- only the pitiful mockery of it in the camaraderie of vice." (Sinclair 268)
Connection: After rough times had taken away everything from Jurgis, he had nothing to do with his life other than to work and drink. A capitalistic society, based solely around the acquisition of private property, was not fit for anyone besides those who could work. This was made evident by the deaths of Jurgis' family members. Jurgis' new way of life in the city was something that I connected to the place I worked this summer. For a couple of weeks I worked at a packaging plant in Utah and the guys around me put their work before anything. They would work 12 hours a day, everyday, and really only enjoyed themselves during break when they could smoke or drink. This closely mirrors how Jurgis was living his life- acquiring as much money as possible and drinking in his off time. Many lifestyles of the working class have not changed over the years.
"He had come out ahead on that deal! He put his hand into his trousers' pocket every now and then, to make sure that the precious hundred-dollar bill was still there."
The HOHAM I chose for this quote was connection because I understand the elation you feel when you finally get ahead, especially if you never really have before. When I was younger my older sister would always win the arguments we had, even when our parents got involved, but as I got older, it began to get a bit more even. I remember with some clarity one of the first arguments I actually felt like I had won and I remember the pride I felt. It may be a bit petty that I was so happy about winning something, but I don't think it was. To me it sort of represented my coming of age and truly gave me confidence in my intelligence for one of the first times in my life. I also connected because I have a bit of a habit of collecting rare coins or bills. I have a bunch of foreign coins, really old American coins, collectors English coins, dollar coins, half dollar coins, and a two dollar bill. The last I've had for over five years and I think my grandmother may have given it to me but I can't quite remember. Anyway, that was sort of a tangent, but my quote was about connection so I suppose (supposition too! what is this!) it's fine.
"There ought to be work a strong fellow like you can find to do, in the cities, or some place, in the winter time." "Yes," said Jurgis, "that's what they all think; and so they crowd into the cities, and when they have to beg or steal to live, then people ask 'em why they don't go into the country, where help is scarce."
Jurgis here is making connections about the various cycles that occur within this mad, mad world. Its just a constant shuffling of workers wandering and hoping for help, with nothing being done to save people.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.